Protected Areas

Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures (OECMs)

WCPA Task Force on Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures

In 2010, the 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 10/CBD) adopted the Aichi Biodiversity Targets as part of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. Target 11 calls for “at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas” to be conserved by way of “well-connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs).

WCPA, Vilm

The WCPA Task Force on OECMs was established to provide guidance to parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, among other right- and stakeholders, on the meaning of the term. The Task Force has over 100 members and honorary members from over 30 countries.

Since its inception, the Task Force has held two expert meetings (in Cambridge and Vilm) and presented its progress at a side event at the twentieth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (April 2016), and at the World Conservation Congress (September 2016).  The Task Force is currently supported by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) and the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN).

At a meeting in Vilm (July 2016), the participants agreed an ambitious workplan, which includes the following activities.

2017-2018 Workplan


  • February: Task Force meeting to further test case studies against the draft guidance.
  • Over the year: Refine and test the draft guidance, host regional workshops and technical clinics with the Secretariat of the CBD, engage with the BIOPAMA and governance assessment-related initiatives, and conduct outreach and communications.


  • Host regional workshops and technical clinics with the Secretariat of the CBD.
  • Finalize guidance.


The following documents have been produced under the auspices of the Task Force:

For further information, please contact Kathy MacKinnon and Harry Jonas 

Vilm, Germany, 2016


Work area: 
Protected Areas
Go to top