Ecosystems play a critical role in regulating the world’s climate through their function as ‘natural carbon sinks’. Healthy ecosystems also help vulnerable communities adapt to the adverse effects of climate change and offer protection against climate-related disasters.
IUCN assesses the risks that species and ecosystems face from climate change, and develops conservation responses to these. It also advances practical ‘nature-based solutions’ to tackling climate change based on the effective conservation, management and restoration of the world’s ecosystems. IUCN’s work in this area aims to benefit humans and ecosystems alike, taking into account the needs of the most vulnerable, including women and indigenous peoples.