Pacific Islanders are at the forefront of climate change; experiencing its varying impacts on coastlines, biodiversity, economy and most importantly on livelihoods. The conservation of mangroves and associated ecosystems is a key natural adaptation strategy and mitigation measure to climate change. Mangrove ecosystems provide goods and services highly valued by the people of the Pacific. However, this unique ecosystem faces continuing threats from over harvesting, degradation and land reclamation.
Protection of mangrove ecosystems will in turn safeguard the livelihoods of Pacific Island communities, especially for coastal dwellers. Weak governance, disconnect between formal and traditional management systems, limited baseline information, weakening traditional management, lack of awareness and limited capacity are the key challenges of mangrove management in the Pacific.
With the MESCAL project IUCN Oceania seeks to address the key challenges of mangrove management to increase the resilience of the Pacific people to climate change and improve livelihoods. By working with five Pacific Island Countries (Fiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Tonga) IUCN Oceania will promote an adaptive co-management approach as well as the restoration of mangrove ecosystems.
- Improve livelihoods and conserve biodiversity
- Empower communities to make informed decisions related to mangrove management
- Increase institutional and technical capacity for improved environmental governance at all levels
- Promote community based actions on the ground in mangrove management for improved resilience to climate change
- Improve baseline knowledge about biological, economic, social and cultural aspects of mangrove resources and uses in each country and the link between healthy mangroves and disaster risk reduction, for informed adaptation to climate change at national and community level.
- Increase awareness at all levels of the role of mangroves and associated ecosystems in providing resilience to the impacts of climate change
- Investigate the feasibility for obtaining carbon credits for mangrove protection and reforestation, in the context of REDD+, and participating in the global carbon markets
December 2009 - December 2013
German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) under its International Climate Initiative.