Since the 1997 IUCN-World Bank study 'Large Dams: Learning from the Past, Looking at the Future' and the subsequent establishment of the World Commission on Dams, IUCN recognises dams are, for better or worse, an integral part of a post fossil-fuel future in which energy needs are met for all.
This story feature reviews global energy needs and explores the challenges and complexities of dams.
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This feature is part of a series of three on the 'Future of Dams':
Part 2: Smart Dams - Smart Financing
Part 3: Energy Options, Determining our Freshwater Future