Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy

Policy Matters

Policy Matters - CEESP's Journal

POLICY MATTERS is a peer reviewed journal published electronically and in print by IUCN’s Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP).  For more information, including accessing back copies of past Policy Matters editions see below.

POLICY MATTERS is published to encourage in-depth research and analysis into issues within the wide spectrum of issues included in the Commission’s mandate. The mandate is agreed to by IUCN Member organisations every four years. The CEESP mandate for 2013-2016 includes the following areas: (1) Development and promotion of a conservation ethic that supports diverse knowledge systems and values, delivers rights-based and equitable conservation with improved governance of natural resources and tangible livelihoods benefits, and links biological diversity with the cultural dimensions of nature conservation with a focus on the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.   (2)  Increased use of rights-based approaches to natural resource management and governance that promotes social and cultural equity, indigenous peoples' self-determination, community governance, sustainable livelihoods and human security. (3)  Nature-based solutions to global challenges—such as climate change, conversion of forests and farmland to monocrops, including biofuels projects, food insecurity, poverty, inequitable economic and social development—that are underpinned by economic policies that reinforce sustainability, social equity and environmental integrity.  (4) Enhanced capacity of civil society, governments and the private sector to ensure corporate social and environmental accountability and reduce the negative impact of industries on climate, biocultural diversity and food security

Each edition of Policy Matters addresses a specific theme and appoints an editorial team and peer reviewers based on their expertise in the subject matter.  The CEESP Chair and CEESP Steering Committee have overall responsibility for each edition.

PM 21





Policy Matters 21, September 2016

Policy Matters 21 - Certification and biodiversity: how voluntary certification standards impact biodiversity and human livelihoods

Lead Editors: Pavel Castka and Danna Leaman
Editorial Team: Diana Shand Doris Cellarius Tim Healy Anastasiya Timoshyna Marina Rosales Benites de Franco Aroha Te Pareake Mead John Robinson

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21 - Cover, Contents, Acknowledgements298.05 KB

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21 Preface - Certification and Biodiversity - How Voluntary Certification Standards impact biodiversity and human livelihoods90.52 KB

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 1 Measuring impacts of certification on biodiversity at multiple scales: experience from the SAN/Rainforest Alliance system and priorities for the future627.92 KB

Jeffrey C. Milder, Deanna Newsom, Eric Lambin, Ximena Rueda

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 2 - The Efficacy of Voluntary Certification Standards for Biodiversity Conservation426.73 KB

Joanne Khew Yu Ting, Kudo Shogo, Marcin Pavel Jarzebski

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 3 - The impact of global palm oil certification on transnational governance, human livelihoods and biodiversity conservation621.34 KB

Denis Ruysschaert

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 4 - Exploring the potential of government and voluntary standards collaborations to scale up sustainable production and supply449.32 KB

David D’Hollander and Norma Tregurtha

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 5 - Conserving biodiversity and improving human livelihoods through interaction between public regulation and forest management certification558.50 KB

Sini Savilaakso, Paolo Cerutti, Javier Gustavo Montoya Zumaeta, and Ruslandi

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 6 - The rise and biodiversity relevance of private governance in Canada’s fisheries and aquaculture sectors379.46 KB

Laurenne Schiller, Taylor Mason, Rhona Govender, Kathleen Short, and Megan Bailey

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 7 - Creating synergies between VCS and regulatory frameworks: Case studies from the FairWild Standard730.42 KB

Bryony Morgan and Anastasiya Timoshyna

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 8 - Forest Stewardship Council indicators: Development by Multi-stakeholder process assures consistency and diversity471.83 KB

Marion Karman, Pasi Miettinen, John Hontelez

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 9 - Designing a labelling system for biocultural heritage-based product518.42 KB

Krystyna Swiderska, Aroha Mead, Graham Dutfield and Alejandro Argumedo

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21: Chapter 10 - Do commodity certification systems uphold indigenous peoples’ rights? Lessons from the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil and Forest Stewardship Council229.28 KB

Marcus Colchester

PDF iconPolicy Matters 21 - Photo credits & Back cover91.19 KB



Policy Matters 20






Policy Matters 20, September 2016

From Solutions to Resolutions: A New Social Compact for Just and Effective Conservation of Biodiversity

Policy Matters 20 - From Solutions to Resolutions (Full publication - 17MB) 

Table of Contents


-Letter from Chair || Aroha Te Pareake Mead

  1. Introduction || Trisha Kehaulani Watson, Catie Burlando, Caroline Seagle, Nigel Crawhall and Meher M. Noshirwani
  2. Dancing Diversity: Critical Indigenous Perspectives on a New Conservation Ethic in Melanesia || Delly Roy, Thomas Dick and Sarah Doyle
  3. Resource Africa’s Community Theatre Outreach Programme: Raising Awareness and Building Capacity within Disadvantaged Communities || Nkululeko Chunky Phiri
  4. The Quest for Intergenerational Equity: A Case of Youth Quotas in Wildlife Resources Management in Kenya || Kennedy Liti Mbeva and Grace Muthoni Mwaura
  5. Draft Principles for Justice and Equity in Access to and Distribution of Benefits from Ecosystem Services in Protected Areas || Nigel Dudley, Catie Burlando, Rosie Cooney, Scott Jones and Trisha Kehaulani Watson
  6. From Sanpabawa to Bulong Nature Reserve: Contested Natural Resource Management in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China || Jianhua Wang
  7. Resolving Conservation and Community Conflict: A Tanzania Case Study || Bruce Downie
  8. Towards Just and Effective Conservation for Indigenous Men and Women in the Mt. Mantalingahan Protected Landscape, Palawan Philippines || Jeanne Tabangay and Kame Westerman
  9. La Gobernanza Comunitaria en Costa Rica: Promoviendo el Poder Local Hacia Nuevos Retos de Conservación Marina || Vivienne Solís Rivera and Marvin Fonseca Borrás
  10. Successfully Implementing Indigenous Policy Within Western Frameworks: The Case of Traditional Hawaiian Fishponds in Hawai‘i || Trisha Kehaulani Watson

-About the Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP)


Policy Matters 19 -cover

Policy Matters 19, April 2014

Remembering Elinor Ostrom: Her work and its contribution to the theory and practice of conservation and sustainable natural resource management

Policy Matters 19 - Remembering Elinor Ostrom: Full publication

Or download individually:
Policy Matters 19 - Preface, Introductions and Chapters 1-5
Policy Matters 19- Chapters 6-11

Table of Contents
1. Governing India’s Commons: The Influence of Elinor Ostrom’s Ideas - Harini Nagendra, Rucha Ghate, Jagdeesh Rao
2. The Impact of Elinor Ostrom’s Scholarship on Commons Governance in Mexico: An Overview - Raul Pacheco-Vega
3. Rompiendo paradigmas: Gobernanza de los bienes comunes y ciudadanía en las políticas forestal y de conservación Mexicanas -Leticia Merino Pérez
4. An Assessment of Community Management of Traditional Woodland Enclosures(Hiza’ti) in the Highlands of Eritrea - Bereket Tsehaye Haile
5. Governing the Commons Through Customary Law Systems of Water Governance: The Case of the Marakwet -Elizabeth Gachenga
6. Researching Complex Governance Arrangements: Elinor Ostrom’s Legacy for Research Methods and the Analysis of Institutional Design -Derek Kauneckis
7.Advancing Algonquin Recognition and Participation in Forest Management in Québec, Canada - Rosanne Van Schie
8. From Theory to Practice: A Decade of Co-managing Pasture and Other Natural Resources in Mongolia - Hijaba Ykhanbai and Ronnie Vernooy
9. Recognition of the Role of Collective Action among Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in the Convention on Biological Diversity - Diego Pacheco
10. Are Ostrom’s Design Principles Sufficient for Design?
Arun Agrawal and Jesse Ribot
11. Un son para Lin Ostrom
Caña Dulce y Caña Brava



CEESP Policy Matters 18 Cover

Policy Matters 18, November 2011

Macroeconomic Policies, Livelihoods and Sustainability

Download the entire document  (12MB)

Or download separate sections by clicking on links below:

  1. Cover, Table of Contents & Foreward
  2. Overview: Macroeconomic Policies for Sustainability
  3. Macroeconomic policy and environmental sustainability: the case of transgenic soybean production in Argentina 
  4. The financial and fiscal roots of deforestation in the Amazon 
  5. Costa Rica: Fiscal policy and payment for environmental services 
  6. Ecuador: Environmental deterioriation and monetary policy
  7. Mexico: The Neoliberal Macroeconomic Policy Package, Stagnation and Environmental Degradation
  8. The challenge of socio-economic and ecological sustainability in India under neo-liberal macroeconomic policies
  9. Globalisation and its Alternatives: A View from India



Front cover of CEESP Policy Matters 17

Policy Matters 17, October 2010

Exploring the Right to Diversity in Conservation Law, Policy, and Practice

Table of Contents, Acronyms, Editorial Team Biographies, Acknowledgments, Foreword, and Editorial



Policy Matters 16Policy Matters 16, October 2008

Climate Change, Energy Change and Conservation

Download the entire document (3.8 MB)


Table of Contents, Letter of the Chair and Editorial
Section 1 - Climate change and the energy crisis
Section 2 - Climate change and protected areas
Section 3 - Climate change and livelihoods
Section 4 - Climate change and forests
Section 5 - Climate change and policy
Book reviews, CEESP activities and Steering Committee





Policy Matters 15, July 2007

Conservation and Human Rights

Download the entire document (7.38 MB)

Cover, Table of contents and letter from the Chair and Editorial
Section I: What ARE human rights anyway?
Section II: Conservation can undermine human rights...
Section III: ... but conservation and human rights can also work in mutual support ...
Section IV: ... within, and only within, a supportive enabling environment ...
Section V: Book Reviews
Section VI: CEESP News and Events


PM 14Policy Matters 14, March 2006

Poverty, Wealth and Conservation

Download the entire document (10.01 MB)

Cover, Table of contents and letters from the Chair and Editors
Section I: Policy that matters!
Section II: Livelihoods and conservation- arguments shaping the debate
Section III: The intertwined roots of poverty, wealth and environmental degradation
Section IV: Conservation can end up enhancing poverty
Section V: ...but conservation can also provide livelihood benefits...
Section VI: ...if initiatives embrace rights, secure access to resources and real participation..
Section VII: Resources from CEESP members 



Policy Matters 13, November 2004

History, Culture and Conservation

Download the entire document (7.08 MB)

Table of Contents and letters from the Chair and Editors
Section I: Conservation as cultural and political practice
Section II: A “cultural approach” to conservation?
Section III: Understanding and measuring biocultural diversity
Section IV: New resources from CEESP members 



PM 12Policy Matters 12, September 2003

Community Empowerment for Conservation

Download the entire document (6 MB)




PM 11Policy Matters 11, September 2003

Trade, Environment and Investment: Cancun and beyond

Download the entire document  (1.5 MB)

Cover, Table of Contents and Letters from the Editor and Chair
Section 1: Trade, Biodivesity and Environment: Crafting the link
Section 2: Environment and Trade Regimes: Relations and linkages
Section 3: Regional and national focus
Section 4: Trade and IUCN
Letters to the editor, Network News, Events at Cancun and beyond, CEESP Steering Committee




Policy Matters 10, September 2002

Sustainable Livelihoods and Co-management of Natural Resources

Download the entire document (2.9 MB)


Table of Contents
Section 1 - Policy affects livelihoods!
Section 2 - Community organizing and action
Section 3 - Co-managing the sources of livelihoods
Section 4 - Learning from practice
Section 5 - New resources from CEESP members 



IUCN Publication





Gland : IUCN/CEESP, 2016

Physical Description: 

168p. : ill.

Date publication: 




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