Livelihoods and Landscapes Strategies


Project title: Livelihoods and Landscapes Strategies (LLS)

Location: Chiang Rai, Phang Nga and Ranong Provinces, Thailand

Duration: 2007 – 2010

Project background: Livelihoods and Landscapes Strategies (LLS) was a global IUCN initiative structured around four main themes: poverty reduction, natural resource-based markets and incentives, forest governance (including forest rights and tenure) and landscape transformation (through policy influence and forest landscape restoration).

Thailand has a long history in community forestry that has resulted in a number of actively managed areas which are either officially recognised or informal. LLS activities in Thailand were centered upon two landscapes; coastal forest ecosystems in Southern Thailand and the Doi Mae Salong Watershed in Northern Thailand. Both components of the project focused on forest rehabilitation and restoration.

Objectives of the project: The goal of Livelihoods and Landscapes Strategies was to enable the establishment of policies that recognise – and make provisions for – local people’s forest use, while also ensuring forest conservation and sustainable use to meet national development objectives. At the same time, LLS was designed to strengthen the resilience of local livelihoods and forest landscapes, to bring lasting change to people’s lives and safeguard the resources on which they depend.

The LLS component in Thailand addresses three of the LLS global strategies. These are:

  • Markets and incentives
    • Forest/watershed: Support local communities in developing arrangements to benefit from the collection and trade in non-timber forest products
    • Coastal: Support collaboration among Community-based organisations (CBOs) to increase the effectiveness of nature based tourism for poverty reduction and conservation purposes
  • Increasing the area of land under some form of secure tenure for local populations over forest-related resources
    • Forest/watershed: Generate spatial information about land-use and land-users that supports the case for providing secure tenure to those affected residents inside the project area
  • Transforming landscapes
    • Forest/watershed: Contribute to the effective implementation of forest landscape restoration (FLR) techniques in the Doi Mae Salong Watershed and support the better land use planning through the collection and synthesis of information
    • Coastal: Support the strengthening of CBOs in Ranong and Phang Nga Provinces involved in coastal ecosystem management so that they could better negotiate recognition of their management systems at the district and sub-district levels



  • Contributed to the effective implementation of Forest Landscape Restoration techniques in the Doi Mae Salong Watershed and supported improved land-use planning through the collection and synthesis of information.
  • Strengthened community-based organisations in Ranong and Phang Nga Provinces involved in coastal ecosystem management

Donor: Netherlands Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS)

Partners: Royal Thai Armed Forces; Land Development Office of Chiang Rai; Royal Forest Department; Plant a Tree Today Foundation (PATT); Chiang Mai University Forest Restoration Research Unit (FORRU); Andaman Discoveries; and Department of Marine and Coastal Resources

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