The livelihood of millions of people living in coastal areas depends on fisheries. The issue of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing (IUU) is becoming of global concern because it threatens the fish stocks, the ocean biodiversity and the incomes of sustainable fisheries.
The effects of climate change on oceans, namely sea warming and acidification, are affecting the aquaculture productions worldwide by fostering the outbreak of diseases. Moreover, in recent years we have witnessed an increase of coastal flooding phenomena often due to coastal erosion caused by the establishment of aquacultures.
IUCN engage in advocating international agreements and influencing policy for a sustainable management of fisheries and aquaculture worldwide.