Effective and just institutions are necessary for tackling environmental challenges, including the degradation of ecosystems and climate change. Governance frameworks impact the distribution of the costs and benefits related to the use of natural resources. This includes costs associated with environmental degradation and climate change, and benefits stemming from biodiversity conservation.
IUCN works to improve governance systems and foster international cooperation on efforts to conserve nature. It aims to strengthen the rule of law at all levels, especially in relation to the use of natural resources, crimes committed against nature and community access to ecosystem benefits.