Environmental Law

Integrated Planning for Climate Change and Biodiversity

Project areas of work: Colombia, Tanzania, Viet Nam Photo: IUCN ELP

Project areas of work: Colombia, Tanzania, Viet Nam

Planning as a tool is underused, not always embedded in solid legal frameworks or not always properly implemented. This project will increase capacity to optimize planning to support biodiversity and climate change adaptation objectives, including through the effective engagement of protected area systems. Through a combination of global reviews and in-country assessments, target countries will be provided with advice, guidance, and assistance in demonstration activities.

The project results and demonstrations will provide illustrative recommendations for legal planning tools that meet development objectives and reinforce an ecosystem-based approach in the protected area systems. Policy dialogues will attempt to ensure that the necessary political leadership can translate recommendations into implementation and sustained action in their countries.

The project integrates climate change and biodiversity concerns into spatial planning frameworks, including a global study assessing sixteen jurisdictions and four target countries: Colombia, Tanzania, Zambia and Vietnam.


COLOMBIA: San Juan de Nepomuceno and Santa Rosa Cauca Municipality

ColombiaMainstreaming biodiversity, ecosystem services and climate change considerations and decisions in spatial planning is an ongoing task in Colombia; some very important steps forward have been made already.

  • The National Environmental System has been an active part of the spatial planning of the country.
  • In 2011 Colombia adopted the “National Policy or the Integrated Management of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services”, which includes valuable criteria, guidelines and recommendations for the sectorial and spatial management of the biodiversity and ecosystem services.
  • It is necessary to recognize and rethink territorial planning in Colombia, beyond its technical, political and administrative definitions, as a process that orders the integral socio ecological dynamic.

Also read San Juan Nepomuceno - A case study of integrated planning for biodiversity and resilience to climate change in Colombia.


TANZANIA: Lake TanganyikaClimate Change Summary

Most of Tanzania’s threats to biodiversity and the environment are an outcome of land use practices.

  • Tanzania is positively contributing to the implementation of the CBD, and the Aichi targets 7 and 11 in particular.
  • Mainstream land use planning laws in Tanzania have general provisions on integrating climate change and biodiversity issues into spatial planning frameworks, while sectoral policies and laws have more elaborate provisions.

Strategic plans, action plans, guidelines and programmes show the extent to which Tanzania is striving to attain Aichi targets 7 and 1.

Also read Planning solutions for climate change in Tanzania and Zambia.

See the video on Land Use Planning in Tanzania.


VIET NAM: Mekong Delta

Project area VietnamConservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and climate change increasingly gained recognition as two priority policy issues in many national strategies and other policy documents.

  • The critical value of biodiversity and functioning of ecosystems for human well-being and development has also been highlighted and anchored by the Vietnamese government in a number of sectoral strategies.
  • Vietnam’s protected area system expanded significantly to over 120 natural parks and conservation territories in total accounting for about 2.3 million hectares, or 7 percent of Vietnam’s total land area.
  • Many of the objectives laid out in a number of strategies well refl ect the Aichi targets, and contribute to the implementation of the CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity within Vietnam.

Also read Integrated Planning Solutions - Vietnam Projets Results.

PROJECT DURATION: January 2014 - April 2018


This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag. 




CONTACT: IUCN Environmental Law Centre at elcsecretariat@iucn.org

Photo credits (from top to bottom): Gisela Paredes / Doyi Mazenzele / Andrew Wyatt

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