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Wolf (Canis lupus) Photo: Saxifraga / Jan Nijendijk

Large carnivores in Europe

Historically, large carnivores had seen their numbers and distribution decline dramatically, mainly as a consequence of human activity. However, in the last few decades, these animals have made a dramatic recovery across Europe and numbers have now reached around 40,000, with most of the...
Urban-Rural split. Oslo, Norway Photo: Ricky Leong

Nature-based solutions

Europe faces enormous challenges in the years to come. These challenges include adapting to climate change and enhancing our resilience to natural disasters, providing food to more than 500 million people, increasing our water and air quality, protecting biodiversity, tackling socio-...

Pollinators in Europe

Pollinators, such as bumblebees, solitary bees, honeybees, butterflies, moths and hoverflies are facing an array of concerning threats. We rely on these pollinators to help make our food through crop pollination and keep our ecosystems flourishing by pollinating flora and trees. In 2018,...
Thunnus thynnus Oceana / Keith Ellenbogen Photo: Oceana / Keith Ellenbogen

European Red List of Threatened Species

The European Red List is a review of the status of European species according to the IUCN regional Red Listing guidelines. It identifies those species that are threatened with extinction at the European level (Pan-Europe and the European Union) so that appropriate conservation action can...
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