Project Title: Mangroves and Markets (MAM)
Location: Ca Mau province, Viet Nam and Chanthaburi province, Thailand
Duration: 2013 - currently ongoing
Project Background: Thailand and Vietnam have lost half their mangroves over the past 30 years, primarily as a result of clearing for shrimp ponds. This has serious consequences: mangroves protect against tidal waves and storm surges; they are vital fish nursery-grounds, provide timber, honey, and other products; and raise land level by trapping sediment. They also sequester carbon faster than any other forest type. Healthy mangroves thus make important contributions to both climate change adaptation and mitigation and form the basis of coastal ecosystem-based adaptation.
Mangroves and Markets will promote ecosystem-based adaptation by providing incentives for mangrove conservation. The project links climate change adaptation and mitigation with sustainable aquaculture, and will integrate results into national policies . The project works with partners and donors to support the drafting of a national policy in Viet Nam that provides the legal basis for mangrove Payment for Ecosystem systems; works with major European shrimp importers to expand certification in Viet Nam to support market access and consequently jobs and income; and takes advantage of experience in Thailand to accelerate learning and innovation.
Objectives: The project works through four complementary approaches:
- Working with shrimp importers, traders and farmers to introduce ecologically sound shrimp production in areas of high deforestation and degradation. This will bring jobs and income opportunities to the local communities, while reducing pressure on the mangrove areas.
- Restoration of mangroves in the coastal protection zone with a focus on abandoned shrimp farms. This is done in tandem with a separate project which is piloting mangrove restoration in Ca Mau.
- Accessing carbon ¬finance. This will be secured through the expected reduction in deforestation and degradation as a result of the switch to higher shrimp production standards and through rehabilitation of abandoned shrimp farms.
- Drafting and introduction of a national policy in Vietnam that provides the legal basis for mangrove Payment for Ecosystem Services systems. This ensures replication and will build on similar ongoing efforts by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, IUCN and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).
Expected Outputs: The project links climate change adaptation and mitigation with sustainable aquaculture, and will integrate results into national policies by:
- Demonstrating the economic and environmental benefits of ecosystem-based adaptation vs. hard engineering solutions (such as construction of concrete dykes and other infrastructure);
- Introducing innovative financing mechanisms that promote ecosystem-based adaptation through carbon financing and shrimp certification; and
- Integrating ecosystem-based adaptation in mangrove ecosystems into national and provincial laws and regulations. Gender and climate change were introduced as cross cutting issues in 2006; property rights and resource tenure, as well as conflict sensitivity, are added as cross cutting issues beginning 2014.
Donor: International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).
Partner: Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ca Mau and SNV Netherlands Development Organisation