The impacts on people

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Setting the conservation agenda

IUCN has long been instrumental in setting the global conservation agenda. In 1980, IUCN, UNEP and WWF published the World Conservation Strategy, a seminal document that stressed the interdependence of conservation and development, and first coined the term “sustainable development”. This publication emphasized that humanity, as a part of nature, has no future unless nature and natural resources are conserved. Conservation cannot be achieved without development to alleviate the poverty and misery of millions of people. In 1991, Caring for the Earth: A Strategy for Sustainable Living, was published to expand on and emphasize the World Conservation Strategy. Oriented towards practical action, this document set out a world strategy for a kind of development that would provide real improvements in the quality of human life while simultaneously conserving the vitality and diversity of the Earth. These documents have been the foundation of conservation efforts since.