Forest Ecosystem Rehabilitation for Integrated Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies

Rolling hills covered in forest


Project title: Utilising landscape scale forest ecosystem rehabilitation as a cost effective bridge for the integrated deployment of national land-based mitigation and adaptation strategies

Location: Uttarakhand, India

Duration: May, 2016 – March, 2018

Project background:

Governments and investors are making decisions about land use, which often treat REDD+ mitigation and adaptation in isolation, or do not take advantage of potential synergies. The rehabilitation of forest ecosystems – in an ecologically, economically and socially compatible way and at a larger landscape scale – can provide a bridge between mitigation and adaptation while maximising co-benefits. This project will stimulate global attention and commitment to landscape-scale forest ecosystem rehabilitation as a bridge between land-based mitigation and adaptation, and will pilot initiatives in 7 countries (Peru, El Salvador, Mexico, India, Kenya, Viet Nam and Uganda) to optimise the implementation of “best bet” actions that simultaneously contribute to both of these objectives.

The Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM), developed by IUCN and the World Resources Institute (WRI), provides a flexible and affordable framework for countries to rapidly identify and analyse areas that are best suited for forest landscape restoration (FLR) and to identify specific priority areas at a national or sub-national level. ROAM is a flexible and cost-effective analytic process for identifying restoration opportunities at national or sub-national levels, as well as describing how those opportunities relate to food, water and energy security. The application of ROAM generates good context-specific knowledge relevant to understanding and addressing forest and land-use planning and management. Specifically, it helps to:

  • identify priority areas for restoration;
  • prioritise relevant and feasible restoration intervention types across the assessment area;
  • quantify costs and benefits of each intervention type;
  • analyse the finance and investment options for restoration in the assessment area;
  • estimate the values of additional carbon sequestered by these intervention types; and
  • come up with a diagnostic of ‘restoration readiness’ and strategies for addressing major policy and institutional bottlenecks.

Through the participatory processes, the assessment provides a framework for a common setting of restoration goals at a landscape level. The assessment also provides a participatory framework that can be used to set common restoration goals that address immediate priorities, such as livelihoods.

In India, IUCN is conducting a sub-national ROAM in Uttarakhand. The state was selected because it has immense potential for successful land-use and land management drive mitigation and adaptation programmes. IUCN has partnered with the G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development (GBPNIHESD) to conduct ROAM. The findings from the project will be disseminated at district, state and national level and will be used to mainstream and upscale FLR throughout the country.


The project will focus on 2 strategies:

  • Learn and Empower: Identifying national or sub-national “best bets” for optimizing coherent implementation of land-based mitigation and adaptation strategies.
  • Influence and Optimize: Supporting national or sub-national policy and programme development that integrates the “best bets” and optimizes opportunities to bring together existing policies, programmes and processes.


  • Carry out sub-national assessments of forest ecosystem rehabilitation potential, including: biophysical, existing degradation, enabling conditions, carbon mitigation (sequestration) potential, adaptation potential, economic appraisal, options regarding safeguards and biodiversity indicators
  • Take project findings into national or sub-national fora through consultations with REDD+, NAMA and NAPA focal points and other stakeholders, and presentations to officials and assemblies

Donor: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Germany
Partner: G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development (GBPNIHESD)


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