Nature at risk in the EU: National analysis of the European Red List

Which EU Member State hosts the highest proportion of species threatened at the European level? This series of Fact Sheets by IUCN presents the proportion of species which are threatened at the European level in each of the 27 Member States of the European Union (May 2013).  

Fact Sheet on Malta's biodiversity

IUCN has carried out a national analysis of the data of the European Red List which to date has assessed around 6,000 European species (mammals, reptiles, amphibians, freshwater fishes, butterflies, dragonflies, and selected groups of beetles, molluscs, and vascular plants). The new analysis gives a detailed overview of species threatened at the European level in each EU Member State. It shows that the highest share of species threatened in the EU can be found in the Mediterranean region which hosts most of Europe’s biodiversity.  

Data show alarming declines in Europe's biodiversity which requires increased conservation efforts by the EU and the Member States, if they are to achieve the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy which they all committed to in 2011.  

Read about each EU Member State's threatened species by clicking on the following links:  

The present analysis does not provide information on the status of the species at the national level (i.e. in each individual country), but rather on the level of threat for species groups at the European level (i.e. across the whole European continent, but excluding the EU overseas entities). National and sub-national Red Lists can be cross-checked to identify the status of species at the national level.


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