Groupers and wrasses are two highly prized families of fish that depend on rocky and coral reefs. If they escape the fishermen, many can live to a ripe old age. But rates of population growth are slow and evidence suggests that overfishing is putting their survival at risk. One of the problems is that fishermen don’t discriminate between adults and juveniles when they’re taking their catch. Many species are threatened or near-threatened according to criteria for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. So what’s the solution? Yvonne Sadovy, Co-Chair IUCN/SSC Groupers and Wrasses Specialist Group, explains.