The Mediterranean region is recognized as the second largest Global Biodiversity Hotspot, encompassing both the terrestrial and marine environments. It stretches across more than 30 states, including major terrestrial habitats such as forests, maquis, garrigue, pasture, wetlands, coastal areas and transitional areas to desert zones. The long history of human occupation in the region, with close interrelations between its flora, major landscapes and human activities, have molded and changed the fauna and flora over several thousands of years. However, the Hotspot is now subject to rapid anthropogenic change from a range of drivers, including population growth and economic development.
|For an overview of the current status of species in the Mediterranean, take a look at our most recent infographic piece, The Mediterranean, a global priority for conservation [data as per November 2018].|
The Mediterranean Species Programme, in close collaboration with the IUCN Global Species Programme, the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC), IUCN Members and numerous partners, is driving the fight to conserve biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in the region. It promotes sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation on the ground through initiatives and projects:
*This percentage is the mid-point value, it assumes that a similar relative proportion of the Data Deficient (DD) species are likely to be threatened, and provides the best estimation of the proportion of threatened species (source IUCN).