This project aims to establish a new bird observatory to conserve the ecological importance in the Yanbu region shows leadership and vision, especially given the rapid development and population growth in the area. There is an urgent need to set up conservation measures in Yanbu region due to the several current major challenges that threatening the important biodiversity in the region. There has been no real protection for the millions of migratory birds that use the region each year. A massive amount of hunting, grazing, and destruction of natural habitats occur in the region. The lack and weakness of appropriate laws and regulations to control these activities severely negatively affect the prospects for successful conservation.