Asia

Conserving Habitats for Globally Important Flora and Fauna in Production Landscapes

Sarus Crane

Location: Samut Sakhon, Ranong, and Buriram

Duration: April 2014 – September 2019

Project background:

The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP), the Zoological Park Organization, and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) got financial support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF)-GEF5 to implement the project entitled “Conserving Habitats for Globally Important Flora and Fauna in Production Landscapes”

The project aims to conserve the habitats of endangered species such as the spoon-billed sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus), water lily (Crinum thaianum), and Eastern sarus crane (Grus antigone sharpii). The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Planning (ONEP) of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) is currently taking the lead in conserving spoon-billed sandpipers and water lilies while the conservation of the Eastern sarus crane is led by The Zoological Park Organisation.

For over 40 years, the Eastern sarus crane has been known to be extinct in Thailand. This changed when the Zoological Park Organisation (ZPO), in collaboration with the Department of National Parks, Wildlife, and Plant Conservation, reintroduced sarus cranes in Thailand. The project released 70 cranes back into the wetlands.

Only two out of 250 spoon-billed sandpipers migrate from Siberia to Khok Kham, Samutsakorn every year. These birds stay in Thailand from October to March every year. Since the salt farms and land have been turned into industrial areas, the spoon-billed’s habitat have been threatened.

The endemic water lilies can be found in Thailand in Ranong and Phang Nga but at present, its habitat is being threatened by canal dredging and illegal water lily trade for exporting.

The Permanent Secretary of the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Planning (ONEP) has provided policies and guidelines for the protection of water lilies which are in line with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). At a recent Global Environment Facility Committee (GEF) Meeting, the Permanent Secretary of ONEP proposed for the GEF to provide funding to conserve these species through improved management of critical habitats in production landscapes. The results from this Fauna and Flora project will contribute to an improved management plan, a national policy and strategy to conserve these endangered species. The strategy and plan will focus on strengthening the institutional capacity and legal frameworks for endangered species conservation in Thailand.

Objectives of the project:

The project is to mainstream the conservation of globally important and endangered species biodiversity into the management in production landscapes through improved management of critical habitats.

The two main outcomes of this project are:

Outcome 1: Enabling framework and capacity to manage ES in productive landscapes strengthened

Outcome 2: Critical Habitat management demonstrated for three Endangered Species

Expected outcomes:

  1. 211,8328 Rai (6.25 Rai = 1 ha.) are suitable for conserving endangered species and their habitats and the management that facilitates the sustainable survival of endangered species. These can be divided into;
  • 1,120 Rai of salt farms at Khok Kham area.
  • 30,000 Rai include 1 km of buffer zone around Burirum nonhunting area
  • 178,081.25 Rai of Na Ka, Suk Samran, Ranong

2. There is no reduction or change of the status in the IUCN red list in Thailand.

Donor: Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Implementing Partners: Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP), Thailand Environment Institute (TEI) and Bird Conservation Society of Thailand (BCST)

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