Protected areas in Peru

CEC member Bertha Cecilia Garcia Cienfuegos seeks to raise awareness of protected areas in Peru.

National Reserve of Tumbes / Reserva Nacional de Tumbes

Protected natural areas - ANP in Peru have as the governing body the National Protected Areas by the State (SERNANP) under the Ministry of Environment, through the Legislative Decree 1013.

Protected areas of Tumbes Mangroves National Sanctuary of Tumbes (2970 ha), Tumbes National Reserve (19,266 ha) and Amotape Hills National Park (151,561 ha), are forums and tools for environmental preservation and natural resources, which comprise 35% of our regional territory.

However, the reality is that homogeneous and heterogeneous forests have been cleared with the illegal and indiscriminate exploitation, exerted by anthropogenic effects. Also, the important ecological system Mangroves of Tumbes, unique in our country has been directly destroyed by 20% due to the construction of shrimp, and the large amount of wastewater that they emit, by altering the biotic and abiotic focussing on the migration of important species of fauna are housed there.

According to the statement above, there is no doubt that our biodiversity is seriously threatened, and urgent actions are needed to address this problem. We need greater awareness and awareness of our natural protected areas, environmental education addressing its four meanings: education, primary, secondary, tertiary, and adult education. It is worrying to mention that not only our country but in Latin America, the bodies involved in heritage conservation, lack of training, personnel (specific case, park rangers) and adequate capacity to work with communities living in areas buffer; factors, which obviously prevent compliance with the Convention on Biological Diversity - CBD, in which we have pledged to protect at least 10% of each natural region.

Extensive research is needed, starting with the inventory of our resources, providing greater protection to our species of flora and fauna in danger of extinction, making the economic assessment of our protected areas, considering the cost - benefit (environmental, economic and social). Research on invasive plant species that threaten our native flora. Also facilitate cross-border biodiversity events, bringing together actors cooperating to sustain our heritage. Environmental governance of our protected areas should lead to a balance between meeting the needs of the population and conservation needs.

Definitely a great challenge to our authorities, will promote an organizational system and horizontal decisions, inclusive and respectful of rights and capacities of the various actors involved in the management and natural resource management, creating the necessary synergies between our natural protected areas and sustainable rural development processes, with a proper application of the ecosystem approach.

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