Nature India Informatics

CEC member Samik Gupta has prepared a report about natural resources and related government conservation programmes, seeking more active public participation.

CEC member and film director Samik Gupta with a wild caught Russell's viper during shooting of "The Sleepless Sentinel".

By Samik Gupta of Wild India

India is a mega diversified country having 10 bio-geographic zones, 27 bio-provinces, 41 sub-ecoregions, 221 forest types and 1.57,427 square kilometres of protected forest network, which includes 4 community reserves, 43 conservation reserves, 97 national parks and 508 wildlife sanctuaries. In addition, it has 5 declared world heritage sites, 15 biosphere reserves, 24 coastal-marine reserves, 24 bird sanctuaries, 25 ramsar wetland conservation areas, 25 elephant reserves and 39 tiger reserves -- as the country’s in-situ conservation areas.
Among ex-situ conservation areas, there are some 22 large zoos, 11 medium zoos, 33 small zoos, 86 mini zoos and 86 wildlife rescue centres.

Collectively, the in-situ and ex-situ conservation areas together processes some 390 mammalian species, 1247 avian, 485 reptilian species, 209 amphibian species, 47,000 plant species and many other taxonomic groups.
Several species are suffering from endemism, due to many socio-economic threats and environmental changes. They need additional conservation efforts, which cannot be possible without the active participation of the common people.

“Let them know the species first and then to conserve," suggests Samik Gupta, “then at least people will not kill the critically endangered Marsh Mongoose, Herpestes palustris, by considering the Common Indian Mongoose Herpestes edwardsii." He is disseminating his long-researched report, Nature India Informatics, in India. He notes that a number of conservation programmes are being taken up by government but the public is not aware of them.

For more information, Mr. Samik Gupta, National Educational Project Director, Wild India, at


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