CASE STUDY ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE WORLD COMMISSION ON DAMS IN AFRICA AND WORLDWIDE
TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR A CONSULTANT
PROJECT: Regional dialogue on large hydraulic infrastructures in West Africa
PERIOD: March 22nd – April 22nd, 2010
1. Context and justification
The Water Resources Coordination Center (WRCC) of ECOWAS, in Ouagadougou, has recently introduced a regional dialogue on large hydraulic infrastructures in West Africa. The aim is to provide recommendations for a harmonious development in West Africa and a regional integration. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a partner of this dialogue and has set as its objectives to enable the contribution of as many actors as possible in the dialogue and to promote cooperation in the region and ensure integrated, sustainable and peaceful management of water resources. IUCN plans to organize regional workshops within the region based on the results of case studies and an electronic forum, in order to, as widely as possible, prepare the civil society in the various countries to contribute constructively on the debate on large hydraulic infrastructures. In this framework, a study on the implementation of the World Commission of Dams (WCD) recommendations in Africa and worldwide is needed to be presented at the planned workshops.
The WCD created in 1998 has a mandate to assess the efficiency of the large dams, evaluate the alternatives solutions and analyse the question related to decision making. It has mainly been in charge of setting up criteria, headlines and acceptable norms at international scale related to planning, concept, assessment, construction, exploitation and controls of the large dams and putting them out of order.
The framework developed by the WCD for decision making is founded on five essential values : equity, sustainability, efficiency, participatory decision making and responsibility.
They are inscribed in the international framework of the universal human rights Declaration. The WCD founds its recommendations on the acknowledgement of the rights and risks assessment to guide planning and decision making.
Therefore WCD proposes:
- An approach based on rights and risks assessment as a practical tool relying on clear principles to identify all the groups supposed to participate legally to the negotiation on the choice and the agreements in terms of development ;
- Seven strategic priorities and connate action principles for decision making : public agreement, evaluate exhaustively different options, to adapt the existing dams, to preserve the water bodies and the livelihoods, to acknowledge the rights and advantages, to guaranty the respect of the norms and share the water bodies for peace, development and security ;
- Criteria and headlines relating to good practices concerning the strategic priorities (from life cycle, health and environmental flow evaluations to impoverishment risks analysis and integrity pacts.
The 2000 WCD recommendations are neither all applicable nor relevant in all contexts or regions. According to the regional contexts, the countries, the basins organizations and the professional organizations (for example the International Hydropower Association) have tackled the question of the sustainability of the dams and other big infrastructures in different ways and reached different sets of recommendations.
The study will reveal the diversity of steps and the different types of products and results obtained worldwide. It will allow to inform on the WCD recommendations (suitability and update) and to share the lessons learnt from experiences carried out in Africa and in other regions of the world for their implementation at national and regional scale. The study will mainly inform on the results of the Dams and Development Project (DDP) implemented by UNEP in continuity of WCD works. This study will be presented at the IUCN workshops in the framework of the ECOWAS regional dialogue on large hydraulic infrastructures in West Africa
3. Methodology of the study
a) The consultant will be in charge of listing and analyzing the different responses and initiatives set through the world after the WCD recommendations. The shapes and kinds of responses will be examined with examples of implementation mechanisms: guidelines writing, partnerships building, review of infrastructures design, consideration of possible alternatives, etc…
b) The consultant will consider in particular two cases in Africa:
- The first case is about the dam of Lom Pangar in Cameroon and the lessons learnt for the settlement of the independent experts Panel for the construction of the dam;
- The second one concerns the experience in Senegal river basin where IUCN has contributed to the valuation of the water charter to improve the participation of the users in the decision process on the water resources.
c) Moreover, the consultant will choose other cases in Latin America and in Asia (for example the case of the Mekong) to have a representative sample of the problematic in the developing world.
The consultant will give a particular interest to the problematic of climate change, gender aspects and HIV/AIDS during his analysis.
4. Qualifications of the consultant
The following qualifications will be required for the consultant:
- A minimum of a 5 year university diploma (Master) in Water, environment, engineering works, social sciences or related
- At least 10 years of sound experience in the fields of the study
- Confirmed competence in leading the study according to the descriptions given in the TOR.
- Show years of successful experience in the area of similar studies (reference of case studies)
- Have a good knowledge on national and international politics in the fields of water resources governance and environment
- Familiar with regional and basin organizations, governance approaches and integrated water resources management
- Excellent negotiation skills, communication skills and the capacity to monitor diverse partnerships
- A good knowledge of the study area and skills on the issues related to large dams
5. Administrative arrangement
IUCN-PACO will support the consultant to enter in touch with the necessary contacts at the administrative level for the facilitation of the study implementation on the sites. IUCN will take all the steps towards the authorities to explain the reasons of the study and obtain the necessary support for the consultant.
6. Key expected outputs
A report in Microsoft Word format and PowerPoint slides for presentation at the workshops are expected.
The whole work of the study will be in English. The consultant will submit a French translation of the executive summary of the amended and validated report of the study and will include the objectives and conclusions of the study.
7. Duration of the consultancy
The study will take place from March 22nd to April 22nd, 2010
8. Submission of application
Interested consultants are invited to submit by e-mail their proposal no later than 15th March 2010 at 5:00 pm to the IUCN – PACO Water and Wetlands Programme Coordinator (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso) at the following e-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Each proposal should include:
• An application letter including the required qualifications and skills ;
• A work plan and a methodology;
• A financial proposal;
• A detailed CV with 3 referees with their full contacts.
Inquiries should be sent to the Water and Wetlands Programme Coordinator
UICN – Programme Afrique Centrale et Occidentale (PACO)
01 BP 1618 Ouagadougou 01
To : Mr. Ousmane S. Diallo
Tel : +226 50364979
Fax : +226 50364984