Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy

Green Criminology Specialist Group

IUCN Green Criminology Specialist Group (GCSG) is a global expert network placed to provide guidance on identifying transgressions that are harmful to humans, environments, and wildlife, regardless of legality per se.
Green Criminology

Inés Arroyo-Quiroz, Specialist Group Chair, CRIM – UNAM, México

IUCN Green Criminology Specialist Group (GCSG) is a global expert network formed by IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP).

Green Criminology, an analytical and interdisciplinary framework from across the social and natural sciences concerned with environmental matters, incorporates broad conceptions of environmental crime, including risks and transgressions that are harmful to humans, ecosystems and non-human animals, regardless of legality per se.

Green criminologists extend the definition of green crime beyond conventional understandings of crime to consider environmental harm a crime. From a social scientific perspective, green criminologists argue that the seriousness of harm is what needs to be measured and assessed. To do so, the study of crime has to go beyond existing legal definitions and criteria. Doing green criminology also requires a sense of scale and interconnectedness of issues, events, people, and places.

The mission of the IUCN Green Criminology Specialist Group (GCSG) is to assemble an international network of researchers, scholars and activists concerned with the political, social and economic relationships in society that breed ecological damage considering different thematic grouping and the physical location of harm within particular geographic contexts, in order to identify impacts of a negative nature that affect the environment as a result of human activity and to provide insightful analysis to these challenges.

The Green Criminology (GC) Specialist Group's mandate is framed within the mission of CEESP and its eight programme priorities and has the ultimate aim of influencing policy and practice.

Literature consulted:

  • White, R. 2011. Transnational Environmental Crime. Toward and eco-global criminology. Routledge. 182p.

  • South, N. 2014. Green Criminology: Reflections, Connections, Horizons. IJCJ&SD Vol 3 No 2: 5‐20.

  • Hall, M. 2014. Exploring Green Crime. Introducing the Legal, Social & Criminological Contexts of Environmental Harm. Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Hall, M. et al. 2017. Greening Criminology in the 21st Century. Contemporary Debates and Future Directions in the Study of Environmental Harm. Green Criminology Series. Routledge. 239p.


H5WKFHu2wWoTaWlV2r7yLCTNZLXdGZ0QUKKr84jn Chair : Inés Arroyo Quiroz

Ines Arroyo-Quiroz has a PhD in Biodiversity Management from the University of Kent and is author of publications on the role of Mexico in international wildlife trade. She currently works as a Researcher at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). She researches Green Criminology in the context of the use and conservation of wildlife and is currently leading an EU-funded project to analyse the dynamics of wildlife trade between Mexico and the European Union.

Recent publications

Tráfico de Vida Silvestre entre la Unión Europea y México.

Revista Crítica Penal y Poder 2019, nº 16, Marzo (pp.32-52). Observatorio del Sistema Penal y los Derechos Humanos Universidad de Barcelona.


Green Crime in Mexico, June 2018

This collection is the first exploration into green crime in Mexico, offering a unique critique of the environmental problems facing Mexico today. Written by a diverse range of Mexican academics and practitioners from different career stages and various different disciplines, this edited volume exposes the corruption, power, and disregard for the environment through highly detailed and engaging case studies. The chapters are grouped into four categories: Environmental Degradation, Social and Environmental Justice, Wildlife Trafficking, and Non-compliance with Environmental Obligations, and are illuminated by rigorous original research. This book fills a substantial gap in knowledge about concerns that are important not only to the Mexican people and the wider region, but to anyone with an interest in the environmental issues facing the world today. To this end, the contributors hope to inspire other Mexicans to study and research green crimes as well as to influence scholars and practitioners across Central and South America who are facing similar environmental crises and challenges.


Recent activities

Participation in the Education for Justice (UNODC) International Expert Group Meeting: Teaching on Wildlife Forest and Fisheries Crime, 8-9 April 2019, Vienna, Austria.

Being a member of GCSG

GCSG is a global, volunteer, expert network formed by IUCN as an initiative of the Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP). It brings together leading expertise on Green Criminology approaches around the world. By becoming a member, your expertise and experience will have the opportunity to shape GCSG work and make an impact on the work and thinking of IUCN and the policy arenas in which it is active. To apply, please email Inés Arroyo-Quiroz.

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