Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai World Heritage Site

Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, Thailand

Project title: Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai World Heritage Site

Location: Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai World Heritage Site, Thailand

Duration: 2013 – 2016

Project background: The Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai World Heritage Site in Thailand (also called the Eastern Forest Complex) encompasses some of the most pristine forests and wildlife habitats in Thailand. Globally important for biodiversity, it supports over 800 species of fauna and important tropical forest ecosystems. However, in recent years, the four National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuary that form this World Heritage Site have come under increasing pressure from illegal logging of Siamese Rosewood, poaching, infrastructure development and encroachment.

Woman preparing rosewood seeds at Pang Sida buffer zone

The scale of these activities, in particular illegal logging of Rosewood, has reached unprecedented levels, posing an immediate danger to the integrity and long-term survival of the forest complex. The geographical location of the site, being adjacent to the border with Cambodia, presents a set of challenges and opportunities that makes it an ideal testing ground for innovative approaches to protected area management.

With funding support from the Keidanren Nature Conservation Fund, IUCN is undertaking a project to strengthen the management of the Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai World Heritage Site, bring illegal logging of Siamese Rosewood under control and engage communities in the conservation of the forest complex and the wider watershed.

Objectives of the project: The objective of this project is to contribute to the achievement of Aichi Targets 5 and 11 in Thailand by scaling up successful approaches to protected area management and biodiversity conservation in the Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex and its trans-boundary area with Cambodia. The Aichi Biodiversity Targets are 20 ambitious goals that make up part of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011 – 2020 that was adopted in Nagoya, Japan in 2010. Aichi Target 11 calls for improvements in both the size and quality of protected area systems.

Expected outputs: The project, in collaboration with park authorities, local communities and governments, is implementing innovative actions in the following three main areas:

  • Testing and scaling up successful approaches of community livelihood development and buffer zone management,
  • Fostering transboundary collaboration with Cambodia, and
  • Addressing illegal logging of Siamese Rosewood.

Through these actions, the project aims to strengthen community livelihoods while increasing the resilience of the protected areas in this trans-boundary landscape.

Donor: Keidanren Nature Conservation Fund (KNCF)

Partners: Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation; Royal Forest Department; Freeland Foundation; District and Sub-District Administrations; and Ministry of Environment of Cambodia

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