Since 2007, reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD) has become a major focus of negotiations towards a post-2012 agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC). An effective REDD mechanism could provide a strong tool for mitigating global climate change as well as enable developing countries to enhance tropical forest protection and sustainable development options. It is no coincidence, however, that many high-deforestation countries likely to host a majority of REDD projects also have the weakest forest governance records in recent decades, resulting in large part from inadequate design and implementation of forest laws.
Responding to the challenge, the IUCN Environmental Law Centre has completed a comprehensive study on national legal frameworks for REDD in conjunction with international and national REDD legal expert partners. The study includes case studies from Brazil, Cameroon, Guyana and Papua New Guinea, which serve as a basis for further analysis and recommendations for the development of laws and regulations for REDD. The report identified four main themes central to ensuring successful REDD legal regimes, namely:
- Ownership of Land, Forest and Carbon
- Participation, Balancing of Rights and Interests, and Prior Informed Consent
- Benefit Sharing
- Additionality and Permanence
Download a copy here (3.14 MB)