IUCN as part of The Global Water Initiative (GWI) conducted vulnerability assessment trainings across four countries in East Africa – Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya.
The training uses tools such as Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA) developed by CARE; and CRiSTAL (Community-based Risk Screening Tool - Adaptation and Livelihoods) produced by IUCN, IISD, SEI and Intercooperation. GWI mission is ‘ensuring that vulnerable populations world-wide have reliable access to clean water in such a way that their dignity, rights, culture and natural environment are not negatively impacted’.
During the training sessions, community members participated in identifying climatic hazards, the impacts of these hazards, and defining the coping strategies they use to deal with the impacts. They also discussed alternative coping strategies and the resources needed to put them in place. The trained facilitators then went on to analyze the information to assess whether a project is climate proof and what adaptation approaches could be implemented to reduce vulnerability.
The Global Water Initiative (GWI) is funded by Howard G. Buffet Foundation and is implemented across three regions: Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda), Western Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger, and Senegal) and Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua). Organizations currently involved in the initiative are Action against Hunger, CARE, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Oxfam America and SOS Sahel. In the Eastern Africa cluster, the initiative is referred to as ‘GWI Running Dry’ coordinated from a Regional Office based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (housed by CARE International). One of the objectives in the region is for vulnerable rural communities and their environments to have increased resilience to water-related shocks.