With its rich biodiversity and its high levels of anthropogenic change, the Mediterranean region is a key hotspot for species, and a priority for conservation. To be able to implement solutions to biodiversity loss, solutions require the involvement from multiple groups, from governments, the private sector, education and members civil society

The Mediterranean Basin: the Second-largest Global Biodiversity Hotspot

The region stretches across more than 30 states, including major terrestrial habitats such as forests, maquis, garrigue, pasture, wetlands, coastal areas and transitional areas to desert zones. The long history of human occupation in the region, with close interrelations between its flora, major landscapes and human activities have molded and changed the fauna and flora over several thousands of years. However, the hotspot is now subject to rapid anthropogenic change from a range of drivers, including population growth and economic development.

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The Mediterranean, a global priority for conservation
mediterranean species red list

With a compelling design, the following infographic pieces provide a glance at the situation of almost 6000 species that have been assessed in the region as of November 2018, detailing which species are threatened, where and why. The downloadable poster also introduces a promising first step to stop their decline.

Learn more in our informative poster here.

The IUCN Mediterranean Biodiversity Knowledge and Action Programme working line includes species conservation planning, building conservation capacity, and influencing economic sectors to ensure that biodiversity is well managed in their practices.


IUCN-Med is looking for PARTNERSHIPS to build alliances, fund and implement projects on:

  1. Mitigating Invasive Alien Species impacts in Mediterranean region
  2. Mainstreaming critical freshwater biodiversity data into Mediterranean river basins management
  3. Developing Conservation plans for imperiled marine (sharks, rays, corals), and terrestrial (raptors) species.

For those interested, please send a message to Catherine Numa with the subject line: Partnerships for Biodiversity Conservation

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The Sebou river: assessment of a North African treasure Opens in the same window Opens in the new window

Rivers are the lifelines of nature, carrying water and nutrients to all parts of the world. They provide us with clean drinking water and food, and are home to some of the most diverse and threatened wildlife in the world. In the light of the World Rivers Day 2021, IUCN has launched an interactive web story on Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) of the Sebou river in Northern Morocco.

IUCN Global Standard to classify impacts from invasive alien species