The Mediterranean Experts on Climate and Environmental Change (MEDECC) presented a report in 2019 that spoke about risks in the Mediterranean region associated to climate change. The report noted an overall average annual temperature rise of 1.5°C compared to the years in the preindustrial period (1880-1899). The temperature rise in the Mediterranean is higher than current global warming trends (+1.1°C). Other impacts of climate change in the region include decreasing precipitation, sea-level rising, ocean acidification, sea temperature rise, and higher risks of soil degradation, quality, and erosion. These changes could exacerbate other climate-induced hazards such as droughts, floods, and fires.
Socioeconomic factors also play an important role. the Mediterranean and North African regions are experiencing rapid population growth. A combination of growing populations and the impacts of climate change could create a shortage of crucial resources jeopardizing water and food security. (Source: MEDECC, 2019)
The IUCN Centre Mediterranean Cooperation has been working on scientific tools to anticipate and monitor those changes and help to generate reliable knowledge, and is currently participating in regional projects on adaptation and mitigation.