Use of ecosystems as nature-based buffers to reduce the impact of climate-related disasters
With increasing scope, scale and intensity of climate-related disasters, such as hurricanes/typhoons, cyclones, and droughts, there is growing recognition of the role ecosystems can play in ameliorating the impact of such disasters. Where ecosystems are resilient, environmental and socioeconomic impacts are substantially reduced; ecosystems are more likely to sustain delivery of essential services.
Guidance is needed to promote sound ecosystem based management; to communicate techniques to promote greater resilience of ecosystems.
Tools are needed for ecosystem managers monitor the state of their ecosystems; to assess the risk to an ecosystem’s capacity to sustain delivery of needed services.
There is need for research to to assess the cost effectiveness of ecosystem-based solutions.
Promoting solutions to environmental problems linked to climate change that draws on the skills of diverse disciplines.
The increasing scope, scale and intensity of climate-related events require synergies between professionals conserving biodiversity and those pursuing climate mitigation and adaptation strategies.
Under climate change, ecosystem services on which people depend, are vulnerable. Changes in the availability of essential ecosystem services can motivate people to consider how best to adapt to changes brought on by changing climatic conditions.
The private sector can play an important role in the development of innovations to facilitate adaptation to the effects of climate change.
Engage widespread public education campaigns and communication on Climate Change impacts. Targets should include (a) politicians and (b) put pressure on developed country politicians to support CC budgets by proposing intermediaries to manage their CC adaptation funds,
Strengthen nature-based livelihoods
• Ecosystem services should be developed as the critical linkage between human adaptation and climate change.
• Integration of biodiversity conservation into climate change mitigation and adaptation projects to capture co-benefits and to avoid harm
• Decentralization and benefit sharing of natural resources, good implementation of REDD process
• Community owned forests are in general better protected, and the problem lies with different tenure types and with policy infrastructure.
• Develop a biodiversity management system through an ecosystem view / approach that supplies human needs on the landscape while ensuring sustainability approaches in their production.
• Promote the development of alternative livelihood projects in communities (through REDD+ initiatives) order to reduce local dependence on primary carbon resources. REDD must contribute towards poverty reduction with clear proof while promoting techniques on sustainable agriculture away from shifting cultivation.
Promote local solutions to adapt to climate change.
• Local environmental successes are the most effective tools for raising awareness about the benefits of climate adaptation.
• Local implementation and monitoring of environmental policies are the surest way to enforce compliance with nature-based solutions to climate change.
• People rights relating to REDD+ design and implementation. Concern is that REDD+ may become another burden to local communities if rights are not guaranteed.
• Importance of traditional knowledge, knowledge gap ecosystem nd DRR, too much dependency of hard infrastructure, very little budget on ecosystem recovery, less focus on underlying causes of disasters
• While the language of global REDD+ initiatives refers to the need to engage indigenous peoples and local communities, it fails to recognize the differentiated needs of women and men within communities; women´s rights and women as a major stakeholder both at the local and global level.