This National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan is for the first time supported by a large part of the public due to a complex process of public consultation
Romania has been a Party to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) since 1994, complying with the Convention’s provisions. Recently, our country succeeded in finishing the 3rd National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP), based on the guidelines adopted under the CBD and on the particularities of the country at national and in the regional context.
It can be said that this NBSAP is for the first time supported by a large part of the public due to a complex process of public consultation that included the majority of the present Government enabling the implementation of Article 5 provisions of the CBD.
Interest in nature protection in our country started historically in the Fifteenth century and today we can learn that in Romania exists in harmony five biogeographically regions and over 38,000 species of plants and animals.
The process for developing this NBSAP started in 2005 when the National Capacity Self-Assessment (a UNDP GEF Project) identified a number of priorities under the biodiversity thematic area. They are reflected in the third NBSAP as the final product of the project Support to alignment of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) with the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and development of Clearing House Mechanism (CHM). The Ecological University from Bucharest was in charge of the project implementation and at least 20 experts took part in the process.
According to UNDP Romania there are at least three main outcomes for this project:
- Outcome 1: Stakeholders align the NBSAP on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity. Today the NBSAP is under Government approval with the aim of being included into the next budgetary projection.
- Outcome 2: Stakeholders strengthen Romania’s Clearing-House Mechanism through the development and functioning of the portal and
- Outcome 3: Stakeholders undertake detailed capacity needs assessment from the national level to the local level in areas of priority to the CBD implementation: assessing of NCSA reports, policies and programmes.
This project reflected new insights into the CEPA implementation in our country and the new topics under discussions for CBD such as Access for Benefit Sahring, art. 8j are also reflected into the new NBSAP.