In Indonesia IUCN is helping local communities to restore and sustainably manage their coastal resources and this is leading to improved livelihoods for many.
Straddling three provinces—North Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi and Gorontalo—and 14 districts, Tomini Bay covers a vast area of approximately 59,500 km². At least 100,000 coastal people from various ethnic groups directly depend on the Bay’s resources for food and income.
But the pressures on Tomini Bay’s ecosystem are immense and include water pollution and sedimentation, mining, destructive fishing, clearing of mangroves to build fish ponds and for timber and fuelwood, and coral ‘mining’.
In 2007 IUCN helped develop an agreement that was signed by the three provincial governors for the ‘Sustainable Strategic Development of Tomini Bay’. It was decided to focus on mangroves as an entry point and systems of managing coastal resources were created at the district and village level.
Within four years, four mangrove working groups were established involving the different interests groups. Mangrove action plans and regulations have been put in place and there is liaison between village and provincial government bodies.
To date, the project has restored 101 hectares of mangrove habitat under its own resources and a further 200 hectares through support to government programmes in the four target districts.
For more information contact:
Maeve Nightingale, Head Coastal & Marine Programme, IUCN Asia, [email protected]