Peru commits to mainstream gender equality into climate policy

On Gender Day at the 20th Conference of the Parties (COP20) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), host country Peru pledges a gender-responsive climate change action plan.

Market in Peru

Lima, Peru, 9 December, 2014 (IUCN) – On Gender Day at the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP), the Government of Peru, in accordance with IUCN’s Global Gender Office (GGO), is pleased to announce its commitment to a Climate Change Gender Action Plan (ccGAP). This is the first country in South America to incorporate a ccGAP into its national climate policy and planning.

Recognising the critical role of women and gender equality in tackling climate change, several countries have created ccGAPs and more are following suit. Peru is the 14th country to pledge to integrate a gender-responsive approach to climate change, demonstrating how developing countries are making great strides in including women in national climate change agendas.

“The Government of Peru, particularly as host of this crucial conference, is poised to be a leader in terms of propelling progress – the country has the potential to impact the lives of millions of women globally,” says IUCN Global Senior Gender Adviser, Lorena Aguilar. “For this reason, we are so pleased to witness Peru’s commitment to a climate change gender action plan and recognise this large step forward towards ensuring a new gender-responsive climate change framework.”

IUCN’s GGO also recently conducted an extension of the Environment and Gender Index (EGI) study to include Peru. Out of the 73 countries worldwide that have been studied, Peru ranks 26th. Some resulting facts include:

- In Peru, 76% of women work in the informal sector; 47% are engaged in vulnerable employment, which is a sub-section of the informal sector including unpaid family workers and own-account workers.
- Peru receives perfect scores for equal legal rights of women and men on 11 dimensions including joint marital titling for major assets and inheritance rights of children and spouses and full ratification of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
- Peru receives the second highest score in the region for Critical Habitat Protection and high scores for women's legal and de facto access to credit and property other than land.
- In Peru's income level group, it ranks 7 out of 19 countries in the ecosystem category and 5 out of 19 countries for gender-based rights and participation.

“We have chosen to commit to a Climate Change Gender Action Plan because we recognize the importance of gender considerations in climate change policy-making,” says Gabriel Quijandría, Deputy Vice-Minister of Environment, Peru, Director of Peru Delegation, UNFCCC COP 20. “In Peru, we want to include women in high-level decision-making on environmental threats and opportunities, as we know this will increase our odds of success. It is our hope that other countries will follow suit and incorporate ccGAPs into their policy and planning and we are proud to be the first South American country to do so.”

COP 20 is an important opportunity to continue to build enabling elements of an effective, efficient, and equitable gender-responsive climate change framework. CcGAPs aid this progress, as they fully incorporate gender into a country’s climate change process, rather than mentioning gender as an ‘add-on.’ When integrated early on, it becomes easier for governments to include ccGAPs into national planning, such as National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) for Least Developed Countries, and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), as well as projects and financing mechanisms.

For more information about how the integration of a gender-responsive approach to climate change can contribute to reducing gender and social inequalities, please click here. Click here for more information about the Peru EGI and here for more information on the EGI.

For more information or to schedule interviews please contact:

Maggie Roth, IUCN Global Gender Office, m. +1 202 304 6703, e.

Work area: 
Global Policy
South America
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