During the General Director’s mission to the IUCN Regional Office for West Asia, Ms. Inger Andersen in cooperation with the Minister of Environment H.E. Dr. Taher Shakhshir launched the Jordan National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) and Jordan National Action Plan (NAP) for Combating Desertification on the 3rd March during a reception attended by IUCN members, stakeholders and experts in the environment.
As part of Jordan’s commitment to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), the Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) in cooperation with the International Union of Conservation of Nature – Regional Office for West Asia (IUCN ROWA) updated the Jordan NBSAP and the Jordan NAP.
The update of the NBSAP comes in continuation to Jordan’s strategic approach towards biodiversity conservation. The update process addressed the legal framework and its associated institutional setup as related to biodiversity. It was then built around an in-depth analysis of the 2003 NBSAP in terms of approach, stakeholder involvement, structure, and implementation modalities.
The updated NBSAP was developed around addressing the direct and indirect causes of biodiversity loss, with particular focus on the issues of governance as the backbone of a successful NBSAP implementation. This included the enhancement of the role of national coordination mechanisms, the encouragement of improved inter-institutional collaboration, the adoption of a courageous financing strategy, the enhancement of the participation of national and local stakeholders, and finally, investment in the new generation of biodiversity decision makers, practitioners, and beneficiaries.
On the other hand, the UNCCD Ten Year Strategy recognized that addressing Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD) would serve to improve the livelihoods of affected populations, restore degraded ecosystems and generate global benefits through effective implementation of the Convention.
To meet obligations of the UNCCD Strategy, a National Action Programme (NAP) to Combat Desertification and Mitigate Impacts of Drought in Jordan was developed in 2006 by Ministry of Environment (MoEnv). The overall objective of the NAP was to provide integrated development programmes targeting local communities and environmental components in areas under threat of desertification.
The Jordan NAP aimed at developing a long-term integrated strategy for combating desertification within the context of the obligations and provisions of UNCCD to focus simultaneously, in affected areas, on improved productivity of land and the rehabilitation, conservation and sustainable management of land and water resources, leading to improved living conditions, in particular at the community level.
The 2020 NBSAP embraces a new vision for Jordan’s biodiversity “By 2050, the biodiversity of Jordan is valued for its national heritage vitality, conserved for the well-being and enjoyment of people, and sustainably used for the benefits of current and future generations.”
While the aligned NAP addresses “Productive and sustainable use and management of land resources to support poverty reduction, environmental sustainability and national economy”. This vision focuses on sustainability of land resources, enhancement of population livelihood, and contribution to the national economy. The realization of this vision could be achieved by focusing on several themes.
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