Dr. Mirza Barjees Baig, (CEESP member, professor at the King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) participated in the International Conference for Energy, Environment and Commercial Civilization (EECC) in Chengdu of China from 23 to 27 October, 2015.
Sichuan University is honored to host this conference. Founded in 1896, the Sichuan University is one of the oldest universities in China and is among the most prestigious national key universities in education, research, and social impact. More than 100 distinguished scientists, representing about 27 countries from the area of Economics, Finance, Energy and Environmental Science, Applied Mathematics, shared their scientific interests and practical experience in four days of conference. Many speakers and academicians belonged to the National Academy of Science and the deans of business schools in their respective home countries.
Prof. Baig gave a presentation on "Environment Energy and the Society in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia". Prime points of his speech are briefly presented as under:
The kingdom of Saudi Arabia faces several environmental issues due to its arid and semi-arid climate, in-judicious high water consumption rates and rich oil resources. The Kingdom has the world’s largest known proven conventional crude-oil reserves. Recoverable oil stands at 267 billion barrels, or one fifth of the world’s reserves. The oil-extraction rate ranges between 9 and 10 million barrels a day, of which about 7.5 million barrels a day are exported, making the kingdom world’s largest oil exporter. The kingdom consumes the largest amount of oil in the world for producing electricity. In addition, the energy demand is increasing at an alarming rate of 7.5 annually over the last 5 years. Several recent studies predict that Saudi Arabia will be a net oil importer by 2038 if energy consumption patterns at home remain the same. In order to improve the situation, the Kingdom is also making concerted efforts to explore the alternative renewable energy resources to reduce pressures on its energy resources. However, without the involvement of the citizens, such initiatives would not be able to achieve the desired objectives. At present, awareness programs on the efficient use of energy are almost non-existent. It seems an appropriate time to prepare and educate the society to face and tackle the potential future threat. Society in Saudi Arabia is generally traditional but high literacy rates among the youth make them receptive to the educational and awareness programs. It is anticipated that guidance from the energy experts would be helpful devising and tailoring suitable extension strategies and launch awareness programs for the general public and the society. Such endeavours would certainly improve environment and conserve national energy resources.
At the invitation of Prof. Dunlian Qiu, the executive Editor in Chief of the Journal of Mountain Science (JMS), Prof. Baig visited the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment (IMHE), Chinese Academy of Sciences on October 27. At the IMHE, Prof. Baig made two presentations, one is about the introduction of King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia, and another is about the energy and environment in Saudi Arabia. He introduced the history, disciplines and majors of the King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arabia, especially those subjects closely related to environmental sciences. He stressed the university's initiatives for attracting international scientists to work or do cooperative research at the King Saud University (KSU), Saudi Arbia. KSU is the largest and oldest university in Saudi Arabia.
Dr. Mirza B. Baig is a Professor of Agricultural Extension and Rural Society at the King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. His areas of interest include: Extension and Education, Rural Development and Natural Resource Management. He has authored more than 50 scholarly publications in peer reviewed journals and many book chapters. He is also a professional Agrologist, at the Nova Scotia Institute of Agrologists, Nova Scotia, Canada.