In the Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve (RPNYC) in the Peruvian Andes, several workshops for the participatory development of sustainable grassland and water management plans and for strengthening technical and organizational capacities have been carried out.
The implementation of no-regret measures in Canchayllo and Miraflores, which started earlier this year, includes community-based sustainable water and native grasslands management to enhance pastoral livelihoods and increase resilience to drought, frost and other extreme events.
To ensure comprehensive results, the measures are composed of three components: (1) institutional strengthening and community organization; (2) capacity building to enhance local and traditional knowledge; and (3) green-grey infrastructure.
On the one hand, the ' green gray-' infrastructure activities are carried out with the involvement of communities and the municipalities’ support through communal work. In Canchayllo, an underground pipe is being restored which will take water from the upper part of the watershed (near Chacara lake) to the native grasslands of the community farm. In Miraflores, a protection zone in Yanacancha has been enlarged with fences to protect some ancient lakes and dams and for restoring native grasslands in the area; in addition, a hydric system that transports water to the grazing areas of Curiuna and Wayacaña is being restored.
The activities of the other two components will lead to the participatory development of grassland and water management plans. Among these activities, participatory workshops have supported to clarify the vision and mission of these plans. Additionally, with the support of students and staff members of the NYCLR, 3D scaled models of the territory of both communities have been developed.
Pablo Dourojeanni, Scientific Advisor of the Mountain EbA project, pointed out that the models provided a comprehensive understanding of the territory among the community members, the Reserve’s staff and the EbA Mountain project. In addition, the models were done with a participatory approach that allowed the interaction between the diverse stakeholders; “it generated a sense of collective ownership to both the 3D models -having been a joint effort- as well the no-regret measures that are being implemented”.
Meanwhile, Elmer Segura, technical staff of The Mountain Institute and member of the Mountain EbA project, mentioned that these workshops are essential pillars for the participatory development of grassland and water management plans for Canchayllo and Miraflores; “we have seen that women and men of the communities, students, park rangers and specialists of the Reserve, participate actively, demonstrating their interest and commitment to the no-regret adaptation measures to climate change, which were designed based on their own interests and needs”.
Gonzalo Quiroz, Head of the NYCLR, stressed the importance of coordinating these activities with the staff members of the Reserve, since this will ensure the project’s sustainability. "The Reserve’s park rangers and specialists participate continuously in the various workshops organized by the Mountain EbA project, being the ones that will continue as facilitators with the communities for an efficient implementation of the water and grassland management plans". He also pointed out that these experiences are pilots which can later be replicated in other communities within the reserve.
The process of implementing the no-regret adaptation measures in Miraflores and Canchayllo is led by TMI, implementing partner of IUCN in Peru. These activities are implemented in close collaboration with the National Service of Natural Areas Protected by the State (SERNANP) through the NYCLR, as part of the Mountain Ecosystem-based Adaptation project.
Proyecto EbA Montaña Perú