On 29th of November 2015, the Global Climate March took place in many cities all over the world. WWF Italy organized the March in Rome, Trieste, Genoa, Mantua and Catania. The slogan of the March was “Save the Climate, Save the Humans”. In Rome, the participants met in Campo dè Fiori near the French embassy and set off to the Roman Forum.
The main message of the March was to ask government representatives and leaders (decision-makers) to adopt brave and substantial decisions in favor of resolutions and agreements to reduce carbon emissions of CO2 and to invest in the use of renewable energy resources and these agreements should be monitored and verified. The event took place just before the Climate Change Conference (COP 21) where many government representatives will be meeting to address and confer on the commitment to halt Global warming and which will take place in Paris for two weeks till the 11th of December.
The IV IPPC Report which is a serious account of the knowledge of our climate conditions has shown that carbon emissions are mainly caused by the consumption of carbon fossils. Therefore climate change is largely caused by the emissions of CO2 .The emissions are related to the use of carbon fossils and the over consumption of natural resources but also affects agricultural practices, transport, waste management, water resources and biodiversity. Many solutions have been found to favor the use of renewable energy resources but the widespread mainstream use of carbon fossils is still the Business As Usual (BAU) answer and scenario. Little has been done to transform the market economy to a green economy. The biogeochemical cycles are being altered and habitats are shrinking. Species are responding to climate change and the ice caps are melting. Therefore it is vital that relevant solutions are adopted and favored.
The exploitation and use of ecosystem services should be considered in the economy. At the COP21 these issues will be discussed and environmental policies of reducing green-house gases and carbon footprint should be developed. Ecological economics and bio-economy principle guides should be on the agenda, which consider the hidden costs of “growth”, and the solutions to green economy and reduce anthropogenic pressure on the environment and the consumption of natural resources should be reached. Social and environmental indicators should be taken more into account in the economy to measure human well-being. The outcome of the conference regards us all and the policies which will be adopted to invert climate change and global warming may be of interest.
Another main message of the Climate March is to encourage everyone to take part in climate change and take part to the change to better life styles and capacity building. The outcome of the COP21 could be beneficial to our warming planet if an audacious and significant binding agreement and sustainable development policies are taken by contracting parties to reduce carbon footprint and carbon emissions and invert the status quo.
The COP21 is not just about saving species and habitats but also to ask ourselves questions of our models of consumption and being efficient, efficacious and sufficient in the use of natural resources and living within planetary boundaries.
James Karimi, WWF Italy