IUCN, under the auspices of the BRIDGE (Building River Dialogue and Governance) project, supports Nigeria and Cameroon towards major advancements in the ratification of the Lake Chad Water Charter
The Executive Secretariat of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC), the Regional Parliamentary Committee of the LCBC, and IUCN, recently conducted an information and advocacy mission within the institutions of Nigeria and Cameroon, to advance the efforts towards a full ratification of the Lake Chad Water Charter.
This mission has helped bring about full adherence to the Charter of the two member states, as well as commitments to facilitate its ratification and implementation.
In April 2012, the Water Charter of the Lake Chad Basin was signed by Heads of State of the six member countries, namely Cameroon, Niger, Chad, Nigeria, Central African Republic and Libya. Since then, Niger and Chad have ratified the Charter. Ratification of Cameroon and Nigeria would lead to the implementation of the Charter which requires for its entry into force a ratification by 2/3 of the Member States.
The Lake Chad Basin is considered the largest drainage basin in Africa but faces many challenges. The surface of Lake Chad has shrunk during the past fifty years from 25,000km2 to less than 5,000 km2. The lake's water is mostly supplied by the River Chari-Logone and a smaller contribution from the Komadougou River.
The BRIDGE project aims to enhance cooperation through water diplomacy and transboundary water management. In Africa the project is active since 2014 in the Mano and Pungwe basins, Lake Chad and Lake Malawi/Niassa/Nyasa, and the Horn of Africa.