The baby and the bathwater: trophy hunting, conservation and rural livelihoods
This paper explains how trophy hunting, if well managed, can play a positive role in supporting conservation as well as local community rights and livelihoods, and provides examples from various parts of the world. It was published in a special edition of Unasylva on Sustainable Wildlife Management with articles from members of the Collaborative Partnership for Wildlife (CPW) by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Trophy hunting is currently the subject of intense debate globally, with moves at various levels to end or restrict it. This briefing paper draws on a set of case studies to highlight that while there is considerable poor practice in trophy hunting and a strong need for reform, well managed trophy hunting can - and does -positively contribute to conservation and local livelihoods in the face of intense competing pressures on wildlife habitat and widespread poaching. This paper was originally drafted to inform EU parliamentary discussions around import restrictions on hunting trophies and was subsequently updated as a broadly applicable guidance document for responsible decision-making.
Trophy hunting under fire
Cecil the Lion's legacy now extends to princes and politicians, but shouldn't the poor also have a say?
SULi member Dilys Roe (a principal researcher in IIED's Natural Resources Group) tackles the myths and facts of trophy hunting in her latest blog.
IUCN SSC Guiding Principles on the Use of Trophy Hunting as a Tool to Create Conservation Incentives
The IUCN Species Survival Commission, a global network of conservation scientists, recognises that well-managed trophy hunting can provide both revenue and incentives for people to conserve and restore wild populations, maintain areas of land for conservation, and protect wildlife from poaching.
IUCN SSC Guiding Principles on Trophy Hunting as a Tool for Creating Conservation Incentives, version 1.0, August 2012 (additional translations produced with support of CIC – International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation. Chinese, German, Dutch, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, French, Farsi).
Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management (CPW)
The CPW is a voluntary partnership of international organizations with substantive mandates and programmes for the sustainable use and conservation of wildlife resources. The mission of the CPW is to increase cooperation and coordination amongst its members and other interested parties on sustainable wildlife management to promote the sustainable use and conservation of terrestrial vertebrate wildlife in all biomes and geographic areas. Rosie Cooney (SULi Chair) is vice-chair of the CPW, of which the IUCN is one of 12 member organisations.
The North American Wild Harvest Initiative (WHI)
The non-commercial harvest of fish and wildlife remain crucial to the diets, economies, cultures, and livelihoods of many people around the globe. However, quantifying the significance of this food has seldom been attempted at a national scale. A new project launched by Shane Mahoney, Vice-Chair of the CEESP/SSC Sustainable Use and Livelihoods Specialist Group, aims to accurately measure the biomass, economic value, and ecological replacement costs of the current annual harvest of wild protein in Canada and the United States.