This report has been prepared as part of an effort by IUCN to define its position on Nature-based Solutions (NbS) and plan for future work to advance this concept and support effective implementation of NbS to enhance ecosystem services provision and address societal challenges. The report proposes a definitional framework for NbS, including a set of general principles for any NbS intervention. The report also defines the scope of NbS as an umbrella concept embracing a number of different ecosystem-based approaches.
Green Infrastructure (GI) is becoming increasingly recognized as an important opportunity for addressing the complex challenges of water management. The GI approach refers to the natural or semi-natural systems that provide services for water resources management with equivalent or similar benefits to conventional (built) "grey" water infrastructure. This guide addresses one of the main barriers to widespread adoption of GI solutions: a general lack of awareness of the solutions and associated cost-benefits. The illustrative case studies in this guide provide examples of GI options that address water management challenges, while delivering a number of significant co-benefits.
Enhancing food security through forest landscape restoration
The case studies from Brazil, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, the Philippines and Viet Nam highlight how forest landscape restoration (FLR) interventions enhance food security. They illustrate the ‘win-win’ solutions that can enhance land functionality and productivity, develop resilient food systems and explore the long-term potential outputs and enabling conditions for FLR interventions. A greater emphasis on the impacts of degradation and deforestation and other indicators are exemplified throughout these case studies in order to better understand the results from FLR interventions and their relationship
‘WISE-UP to climate’ is a project that demonstrates natural infrastructure as a ‘nature-based solution’ for climate change adaptation and sustainable development. The project will develop knowledge on how to use portfolios of built water infrastructure (eg. dams, levees, irrigation channels) and natural infrastructure (eg. wetlands, oodplains, watersheds) for poverty reduction, water-energy-food security, biodiversity conservation, and climate resilience. WISE-UP will show the application of optimal portfolios of built and natural infrastructure using dialogue with decision-makers to agree trade-offs. WISE-UP will run over a four-year period and link ecosystem services more directly into water infrastructure development in the Tana (Kenya) and Volta (Ghana-Burkina Faso) river basins.
This publication presents 18 case studies to demonstrate how Protected Areas (PAs) can be better managed for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA). The chapters vary from scientific studies to good practices, as well as (existing or required) policy frameworks that enable appropriate management. The book presents approaches from different regions and aims to cover a range of hazard events as well as a variety of ecosystem types. Emerging practices, lessons learnt and key recommendations are also included in all chapters, and are summarized in the concluding chapter.
Comité français de l'UICN
Nature Based Solutions for Human Resilience: A Mapping Analysis of IUCN’s Ecosystem Based Adaptation Projects
Author: Rizvi, A.R.
With climate change now a certainty, the question is now how much change there will be and what can be done about it. One of the answers is through adaptation. Many of the lessons that are being learned in adaptation are from success stories from the field. This publication contains eleven case studies covering different ecosystems and regions around the world. Its aim is to summarize some current applications of the Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) concept and its tools used around the world, and also draw lessons from experiences in conservation adaptation.
African solutions in a rapidly changing world = Solutions africaines dans un monde qui change rapidement
In this publication, several case studies from the African continent illustrate the "nature-based solutions" approach and offer hope that effective solutions to the climate change dilemma can be addressed through local responses that also achieve mutual benefits for biodiversity conservation and community resilience.
Other IUCN Sources
- World Commission on Protected Areas. Publications on Natural Solutions.
- CBD - Voluntary Guidelines for the design and effective implementation of Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction
- Nature-based Solutions in European and National Policy Frameworks – Naturvation project
- Blue Solutions (2014). Blue Solutions from Asia and the Pacific
- Blue Solutions (2015). Blue Solutions from Latin America and the Wider Caribbean
- European Commission (2015). Final Report of the Horizon 2020 Expert Group on Nature-Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities
- Eggermont H. et al. (2015). Nature-based Solutions: New Influence for Environmental Management and Research in Europe. GAIA 24(4): 243-248.
- Kabisch, N. et al. (2016). Nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation in urban areas: perspectives on indicators, knowledge gaps, barriers, and opportunities for action. Ecology and Society 21(2):39.
- Maes, J. and Jacobs, S. (2015). Nature-Based Solutions for Europe’s Sustainable Development. Conservation Letters [online journal]
- MacKinnon, K. et al. (2011). Natural solutions: protected areas helping people to cope with climate change. Oryx 45(4): 461–462.
- MacKinnon, K. and Hickey, V. (2009). Nature-based solutions to climate change. Oryx 43(1): 13–16.
- Potschin, M et al., 2016: Nature-based solutions. In: Potschin, M. and K. Jax (eds): OpenNESS Ecosystem Services Reference Book. EC FP7 Grant Agreement no. 308428.