Asia

Community based marine and coastal resource management and livelihood enhancement

Community consultation for tourism activity in Koh Yao Yai

Project title:  Strengthening community capacity and livelihood resilience through integrated coastal and marine resource management 

Location: Koh Yao Yai sub-district, Phang Nga, Thailand

Duration: January-December 2017

Project Background: 

Phang Nga Bay is one of the most important marine protected areas and  biodiversity hotspot in Southern Thailand. Different ecosystems of mangroves, coral reef and sea grass provide significant ecosystem services for people livelihood, and key spawning ground of fisheries. Koh Yao District is one of the Environmental Protected areas designated in the Royal Thai Government Gazette on March 2016. The fishery regulations, marine and coastal resource conservation policies are applied to legally control some potential socioeconomic and environmental destructive activities. Fishery and ecotourism are the most crucial socioeconomic activities in these areas, which several coastal communities seasonally engage and get benefits from healthy ecosystems in Phang Nga Bay. Coastal communities in Koh Yao Yai sub-district have established the local fishery group, coupled with conservation initiatives since 1995, for example, Baan Yamee natural resource conservation group, crab bank and small scale fishery groups and environmental education curriculum in the school. The local people here actively play an important role in sustainably utilizing and protecting marine and coastal resources. Each community has their informal fishery regulations and some conservation methods applied in its areas. In addition, tourism activities in Koh Yao Yai sub-district are rapidly growing, which evidently have negative impacts on the environment, if there is no regulation or collective action to control tourism activities. Therefore, there is a need to encourage coastal communities living in Koh Yao Yai sub-district, Phang Nga Bay areas to integrally manage tourism and conservation activities, as well as scaling up to sustainable fishery management on community level and ecological corridor level.  In the meantime, livelihood development will be promoted as an incentive to support their day to day income generation.

Objectives of the project: 

1. Enhance and scale up marine and coastal resource conservation schemes in the target areas

2. Strengthen aternative livelihood for coastal fishery communities, through the market supports and encourage community based tourism. 

The three main components of this project are:

Component 1: Encourage sustainable fishery management and traceability of fishery products

Component 2: Enhance integrated tourism management and conservation activities

Component 3: Enhance livelihood and income generation of local communities

Pilot interventions supported by the project may include: 

The project aims to encourage sustainable fishery and commnity based eco-tourism as a focus for natural resource management. In the mean time, capacity building for enhancing local community's capacity on community based tourism, agro-forestry and natural resource management. The marketing connection for tourism activities and sustainable agriculture will be promoted accordingly. 

Expected Outputs:

1. A database for all related issues concerning marine and coastal resource management is available for communities to develop a community and sub-district plan

2. Coastal communities will be prepared for a participatory process for cmmunity based project development

Donor: Thai Union Group

Partners: Department of Marine and Coastal Resources and Department of Fisheries

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