Asia

Bio-energy project

Bioenergy technology installed at community forestry to produce charcoal Photo: © Bioenergy project

Project title: Up-scaling the production and consumption of bioenergy to reduce carbon emissions and enhance local employment in Nepal

Location: 16 Districts (Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Nuwakot, Dhading, Kavrepalanchowk, Sindhupalchowk, Chitwan, Makwanpur, Bara, Rautahat, Sarlahi, Banke, Bardiya, Kailali and Kanchanpur), Nepal

Duration: 2014 – 2017

Project background: Nepal’s energy requirement for both domestic and industrial purposes has increased substantially with the recent rapid urbanisation and expansion of businesses such as brick industries, hotels and restaurants. At present these industries rely heavily on imported fossil fuels (e.g. coal, liquid petroleum gas, kerosene, etc.). This has led to increasing carbon emissions in the environment.

The "Up-scaling the production and consumption of bioenergy to reduce carbon emissions and enhance local employment in Nepal" project focuses on removing hazardous weeds from forests and utilising them for the production of bioenergy in the form of charcoal; this is referred to as bio-charcoal. The project contains elements of sustainable management of forest biomass, bioenergy technology, enterprise development, employment, business, private sector investment and climate change mitigation and adaptation measures.

The project aims to meet the increasing energy demand by diversifying the production and use of bioenergy as an alternative to imported fossil fuels. It also supports the creation of additional local employment through the charcoal value chain, and contributes to the sustainable management of forests by managing fire hazards. The main beneficiaries of the project are small-sized bio-charcoal enterprises and community forest user groups.

Together with its partners, IUCN is contributing significantly to sustaining the production and supply chain of bioenergy and strengthening the capacity of actors in the bio-charcoal subsector. The project is fully aligned with the government policy of productive management of forest resources, reducing green gas emissions and generating local employment through enterprises and businesses to increase local and national economic benefit.

Objectives of the project:

  • Create more green jobs through up-scaling small-sized charcoal enterprises
  • Reduce carbon emissions by diversifying the production and use of bioenergy as an alternative to imported fossil fuels
  • Sustain the production and supply chain of bioenergy and strengthen capacity of actors in the charcoal subsector while enhancing natural resource condition

Expected outputs:

  • An additional 10,500 green jobs (full-time jobs for at least six months per year) will be created from the value chain of 700 bio-charcoal enterprises. These enterprises will consume 87,500 tonnes of biomass to produce about 30,000 tonnes bio-charcoal from 14,000 hectares of sustainably-managed community and private forests that are accessible to road heads
  • 74,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions will be reduced due to increasing bio-charcoal use and reduced import and use of fossil fuels by hotels, restaurants and brick industries
  • Outreach of services to bioenergy enterprises through local business development service providers and financial institutions will increase the network of charcoal enterprises, and marketing companies and retailers will increase sustainable production and consumption of the charcoal value chain

Donor: The European Union (EU) SWITCH-Asia Programme, Brussels

Partners: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation; Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB); Sustainable Technology Adaptive Research and Implementation Center (STARIC/N); and Winrock International

Location: 
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