Cambodia’s landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and coasts along the Gulf of Thailand. The country maintains roughly 58 per cent forest cover and is rich in biodiversity, being the home to the third-largest lowland dry evergreen forest in Southeast Asia.
Cambodia was a state member of IUCN from 1958 to 1990. In 1992, IUCN re-opened a liaison office through UNESCO, before establishing the country's project office.
IUCN Cambodia focuses on three core programme themes: protected areas, governance and sustainable financing. The country programs also work to develop stronger partnerships with the government and stakeholders for the conservation and protection of Cambodia’s environment. Additionally, the programme seeks to ensure that the ecosystems and natural resources of Cambodia are effectively conserved and sustainably utilised in an equitable manner that contributes to the socioeconomic development of the country.