Asia

Monitoring of wetland biodiversity

Fishing in Afra Beel Photo: © Pabna Bayezid Khan

Project title: Impact monitoring of wetland biodiversity of 13 water bodies in Pabna and Natore

Location: Wetland Biodiversity Rehabilitation Project (WBRP) sites of Pabna and Natore District

Duration: 2015 – 2016

Project background: Wetlands are defined as the areas consisting of marsh, fen, peat land or water bodies, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary. Those water bodies can be static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salty, including areas of marine water bodies with a depth up to six meters during low tide. Wetland area in Bangladesh is 29 million hectares which is 19.65% of total area. It is good habitat for various types of animals, including fish species.

To rehabilitate the biodiversity of these wetlands, the Bangladesh Fisheries Department has been working from 2009 with the fund of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, on the WBRP, which will continue up to 2016. Monitoring is essential to measure the impact on the biodiversity and safety of wetland habitats.

In 2009, a total of 50 fish and shrimp species were recorded in a baseline survey. A total of 94 bird species were recorded in that year. A later study on herpetofauna listed 10 species of amphibians and 22 species of reptiles. Following the previous survey, the Bangladesh Government has declared three Ganges river dolphin sanctuaries.

To monitor the impact of the WBRP interventions and implementation, IUCN in close collaboration with GIZ has initiated the project ‘Impact monitoring of wetland biodiversity of 13 water bodies in Pabna and Natore’.

Objectives of the project:

  • Assess the impacts of WBRP activities on wetland biodiversity
  • Monitor the fish catch, measure the change in annual fish production and improvement of fish diversity
  • Monitor diversity and abundance of birds
  • Monitor density and threats of Ganges river dolphin in declared sanctuaries
  • Know the status, distribution, diversity, abundance and habitat use pattern of herpetofauna
  • Make a baseline checklist of mammals within survey area
  • Measure the changes in biodiversity
  • Raise local community awareness to conserve biodiversity
  • Identify the threats to wildlife and fishes

Expected outputs:

  • Field survey and collection of information about wildlife and fish species
  • Assessment of the occurrence, density, diversity and abundance of species
  • Catch Assessment Study for fish to identify and measure the change in annual fish production
  • Regular meeting and involvement of the local community, especially Beel Management Organisations
  • Selected indicator species
  • Manual for impact monitoring by local community
  • Raised awareness to save wildlife and fishes for wetland biodiversity

Donor: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

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