Drylands support one third of the Global Conservation Hotspot Area and are home to 28% of endangered species. They cover 41% of all land and include unique habitats such as Savannahs, mist forests and oases: these include high-value resource patches that are crucial for the survival of vast ecosystems and for long-range species migration that characterise the drylands.
Drylands also provide ecosystem services that are enjoyed locally and globally. They provide fodder, food, fuel and other goods that are used to create resilient livelihoods. They regulate climate locally, through provision of shade and shelter, and globally through capture and storage of carbon: globally, 36% of terrestrial carbon is stored in drylands, mostly in dryland soils. Despite their aridity, they include globally important water sheds that supply clean water to millions of people, and they regulate flows and mitigate flood and drought risks. Read More