Tigers, Habitats and People
Tiger populations have plummeted from around 100,000 individuals in 1910 to 3,200 individuals in 2010, occupying 7% of their original range. Poaching, habitat destruction and human-wildlife conflict are to blame. Effective policy and conservation programmes are imperative for tiger survival.
Initiated in 2014, the Integrated Tiger Habitat Conservation Programme (ITHCP) or ‘Tiger Programme‘ is a grant-making initiative which contributes to the Global Tiger Recovery Programme (GTRP), a global effort to double tiger numbers in the wild by 2022. The programme consists of a portfolio of 12 large-scale projects in key Tiger Conservation Landscapes across Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Nepal and Myanmar.
The Tiger Programme is based on three pillars:
- Protecting tiger species and their prey from the threat of poaching;
- Preserving tiger habitats, including core habitats, buffer zones and corridors;
- Supporting human populations living in tiger landscapes.
Around 50,000 community members living in park buffer zones or corridor areas benefit from the Tiger Programme, through reduced human-animal conflict and more sustainable income sources. In Nepal, there has been a decrease of over 70% in human-tiger conflict incidents and a 50% decline in livestock deaths.
Overview of the ITHCP Landscapes
|Terai Arc||Sumatran Tiger||South and Central India|
The initiative is funded by The German Cooperation via KfW Development Bank, over two phases. The first phase is being implemented from 2014 to 2020 and the second one from 2019 to 2023. The main aim of the second phase is to continue working in areas where funding is desperately needed and to create a sense of self-sufficiency, so projects are sustainable in the long-term beyond the lifespan of funding programs.
More information is available by email