Gouvernance and IUCN Tools
Governance: participatory monitoring, forest dependency, red listing, and the private sector
Most conservation issues boil down to governance, whether considering enforcement, legal frameworks, or information exchange and dialogue. The transformation of land-use in the PACO region is occurring at an increasingly fast rate, with pressure coming from the forestry, mining, and agro-industry concessions. These land-uses and associated land-use planning can have varying impacts on forests and people; when social aspects are not taken into account, local people suffer. In some cases, stakeholders do not collectively take account of their impacts on a landscape, while other partners lack information or techniques to address conservation issues. Balancing conservation and development objectives has become frustrating for organisations. Over the past programme the Forest Programme has been developing tools on participatory landscape approaches to conservation, measuring forest dependency, and participatory monitoring conservation and development outcomes. In addition, we are working with the Species Survival Commission to increase red listing usage in forest policy and to establish international guidelines on sustainable harvesting. These same approaches can be used for other sectors, especially when concerned with their environmental and social impact assessments. In the 2013-2016 program, we will work with partners to use these tools to increase participatory governance.