The Pacific Islands region has developed two sui generis model laws for the protection of traditional knowledge.
The first addresses expressions of culture and was endorsed by Pacific Ministers of Culture in 2002. The second, developed by the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), focuses on traditional biological knowledge, innovations and practices.
The Guidelines provide a simple but complete approach to implementing national level legislation. Although they were designed specifically for the Pacific they are a useful reference for those interested in the protection of traditional knowledge more widely.