Counting elephants can be a tricky business!
The CITES MIKE programme has prepared standards for conducting both aerial and dung counts of elephant populations.
- Aerial survey standards for the MIKE Programme (Craig 2012)
- Dung survey standards for the MIKE Programme (Hedges and Lawson 2006)
A few other useful documents:
- Counting Animals (Norton-Griffiths 1978)
- Using elephant carcass ratios to determine population trends (Douglas-Hamilton and Burrill 1991)
- Aerial procedures manual, version 1.0 (Frederick et al 2010)
- Aerial survey of elephants and other large herbivores in Gonarezhou National Park (Zimbabwe), Zinave National Park (Mozambique) and surrounds (Dunham et al 2009)
- Discussion paper for aerial survey standards for the proposed aerial census of elephants in the Selous Game Reserve (Norton-Griffiths and Frederick 2013)
- Estimating moose population parameters from aerial surveys (Gasaway et al 1986)
The above-mentioned resources are just a few of the many available. Please visit the African Elephant Library for more.