Two Commissions working together - WCPA and CEESP

"The IUCN Strategic Direction on Governance, Communities, Equity and Livelihoods (TILCEPA) formerly known as the Theme on Indigenous and Local Communities, Equity, and Protected Areas (TILCEPA) was set up in 2000 by the World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) and the Commission on Environmental, Economic, and Social Policy (CEESP). TILCEPA stresses, as critical components of protected area systems and management, the principles of good governance, the recognition of multiple forms of governance of protected areas (pa's), and the enhancement of equity in pa management. It seeks the recognition of the rights and responsibilities of local communities in the development and implementation of conservation policies and strategies that affect the lands, waters and other natural and cultural resources that they relate to. It advocates, in all countries, the development of management partnerships with the communities resident or surrounding the PAs, as also the recognition of community conserved areas, and private pas, that are significant for biodiversity and for maintaining life support systems


Priorities of the Strategic Direction

Governance as a priority:

The governance of protected areas must be strengthened in the future. WCPA will contribute to this by analyzing the range of governance models of protected areas and then distilling and widely communicating this experience.

Indigenous peoples and local communities as a priority:

Particular attention will be given to the role of indigenous and local people in protected areas and the equitable sharing of benefits. The value of community-conserved protected areas in meeting CBD PoW targets will be a focus. The IUCN guidelines on co-management and community managed protected areas will be promoted and applied. The Commission on Environmental Law will be invited to join the already close working relationship between WCPA and CEESP, through TILCEPA, in relation to tenure and other legal aspects.

Promoting the socio-economic contribution of PAs as a priority:

The continued perception that PAs are only a conservation tool needs to be broken. WCPA will accomplish this through a systematic presentation of the full economic values of protected areas that includes ecosystem services such as source of fibre, water, and other human needs. As well, the importance of protected areas to local and national economies such as through tourism will be better profiled. These values are integral to national, regional and local sustainable development strategies.

Fisherwomen in an ecotourism project in Central America.

Fisherwomen in an ecotourism project in Central America.

Photo: Eric Hidalgo

  • World Commission on Protected Areas Logo
  • TILCEPA logo
Nigel Crawhall
  • Nigel Crawhall

Co Leader 

Email: Nigel.tilcepa@gmail.com



TILCEPA Co-Chair, Trisha Kehaulani Watson

Email: watson@honuaconsulting.com