Climate change has important social implications, in particular for poverty , equity and human rights. The impacts of climate change will be distributed differently among different regions, age groups, income groups, genders and generations. The poor and marginalized, such as indigenous peoples and women, will generally be hit hardest. They have the least capacity to adapt to rapidly changing conditions due to a wide range of social factors including: livelihood security, poor access to and control over natural resources, food security, health conditions, access to information and decision-making processes, education, housing conditions and safety of housing areas, and access to economic assets.

In partnership with the Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA), IUCN along with WEDO, UNDP and UNEP, and other member organizations, is working to include gender considerations -such as women's involvement in energy use, deforestation, population and economic growth, science and technology, and policy making- in the UNFCCC framework.