Internationally, the progress in restoring degraded forest landscapes has been slow. The achievement of government objectives to restore degraded areas is at risk from a number of constraints relating to the lack of knowledge and experience, capacity to plan and act, and inadequate policy frameworks. Over the last two years IUCN has been working with the International Timber Trade Organisation (ITTO), Intercooperation, and the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) to encourage regional or country level initiatives in the area of forest restoration and secondary forest management by promoting greater understanding of the ITTO Guidelines on Restoration, Management and Rehabilitation of Degraded and Secondary Forests. These guidelines provide a framework to assist countries in the restoration and rehabilitation of their forests. Till date, IUCN, together with Intercooperation, has co-facilitated six regional workshops in Thailand, Peru, Gabon, Ghana, Venezuela and Indonesia to test these guidelines. Governments have recognised the need and urgency for forest landscape restoration to improve local livelihoods, reduce pressures on other forests and ensure that these areas contribute to biodiversity conservation and maintain ecological functions and services. Through regional workshops aimed at promoting an understanding of the ITTO Guidelines, participating countries have been able to share their existing knowledge and attitudes about forest restoration and provide a common basis for shared understanding of the concepts and definitions involved. At the 35th session of the ITTO Council in November 2003, it was decided to provide significant support to the global workshop on forest landscape restoration, being organized by the Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration (coordinated by the FCP), as well as to a number of other activities, including national ITTO consultations on FLR, in which the FCP is expected to play a significant role. To download ITTO guidelines for the restoration, management, and rehabilitation of degraded and secondary tropical forest (2003), click here.